Steve Schnepp Steve Schnepp - 1 month ago 15
SQL Question

Split a VARCHAR in DB2 to retrieve a value inside

I have a

VARCHAR
column that contains 5 informations (2
CHAR(3)
and 3
TIMESTAMP
) separated with '
$
'.

CREATE TABLE MYTABLE (
COL VARCHAR(256) NOT NULL
);

INSERT INTO MYTABLE
VALUES
( 'AAA$000$2009-10-10 10:50:00$null$null$null' ),
( 'AAB$020$2007-04-10 10:50:00$null$null$null' ),
( 'AAC$780$null$2007-04-10 10:50:00$2009-04-10 10:50:00$null' )
;


I would like to extract the 4th field ...

'AAA$000$2009-10-10 10:50:00$null$null$null'
^^^^ this field


... to have something like

SELECT SPLIT(COL, '$', 4) FROM MYTABLE

1
-----
'null'
'null'
'2009-04-10 10:50:00'


I'm searching, in that order :


  1. A DB2 build-in string function

  2. An embeddable statement such as
    SUBSTR(COL, POSSTR(COL)+1)...

  3. An user defined function that behaves like
    SPLIT



Precision : Yes, I do know that it's not a good idea to have such columns...

Answer
CREATE FUNCTION split(pos INT, delimeter CHAR, string VARCHAR(255))
LANGUAGE SQL
RETURNS VARCHAR(255)
DETERMINISTIC NO EXTERNAL ACTION
BEGIN ATOMIC
    DECLARE x INT;
    DECLARE s INT;
    DECLARE e INT;

    SET x = 0;
    SET s = 0;
    SET e = 0;

    WHILE (x < pos) DO
        SET s = locate(delimeter, string, s + 1);
        IF s = 0 THEN
            RETURN NULL;
        END IF;
        SET x = x + 1;
    END WHILE;

    SET e = locate(delimeter, string, s + 1);
    IF s >= e THEN
        SET e = LENGTH(string) + 1;
    END IF;
    RETURN SUBSTR(string, s + 1, e - s -1);
END!

Usage:

SELECT split(3,'$',col) from mytable; -- or
SELECT split(0,'-', 'first-second-third') from sysibm.sysdummy1;
SELECT split(0,'-', 'returns this') from sysibm.sysdummy1;
SELECT split(1,'-', 'returns null') from sysibm.sysdummy1;