Raghav Bali Raghav Bali - 27 days ago 5
C# Question

how to dynamically add combobox in windows forms(C#) and bound it to a column of a table in sql database

My windows form has an ADD button which adds a combo box to the form after each click. The problem is, i am not able to bind it to a table column at run time. Using an existing databinding source selects the same value in all the combo boxes. I am coding in C#

here is the sample code :

ComboBox ocbNext = new ComboBox();
//HAVE set the rest of the properties right, the problem is with the databinding
ocbNext.DataSource = this.dummysubjectBindingSource;
ocbNext.DisplayMember = "sub_name";
ocbNext.ValueMember = "sub_name";
this.Controls.Add(ocbNext);

Answer

I added a DataSet to the solution and droped the Employees table (from Northwind) in the designer, which automatically created the employeesBindingSource. I dropped a combobox and a button on the Form and I set the DataSource and DataMember of the combo. Then I handled some events:

    private void Form1_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        this.employeesTableAdapter.Fill(this.dS.Employees);
    }

    private int _i = 0;
    private void button1_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        ComboBox combo = new ComboBox();
        combo.DataSource = this.employeesBindingSource;
        combo.DisplayMember = this.dS.Tables[0].Columns[++_i].ColumnName;
        combo.Location = new Point(comboBox1.Location.X, comboBox1.Location.Y + comboBox1.Height * _i);
        this.Controls.Add(combo);
    }

So on each click, a new combo is added onto the form dynamically right under the previous combo. The combo is also bound to the next column in the Employees table (no boundary checks however).

As you can see, this is pretty easy stuff. Hope this helps.


Okay, so here is a variation of the code that could help you with that other question you asked in the comments of this answer.

It assumes you have a Form with a button and a DataSet with table Employees. On button click it creates a combo, and fills it with data (the Name column of Employees). Each time you add a combo, it gets its own copy of the data (this is important to be able to remove items from one combo at a time). Then, every time you select a value in the combo, the combo is disabled and the other combos don't have that selected value in their list.

  private int _i = 0;
    private void button1_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        DataSet dataS = dS.Clone();
        this.employeesTableAdapter.Fill((DS.EmployeesDataTable)dataS.Tables[0]);
        BindingSource bindSource = new BindingSource(dataS, "Employees");

        ComboBox combo = new ComboBox();
        combo.Name = this.dS.Tables[0].Columns[0].ColumnName + (++_i).ToString();
        combo.DataSource = bindSource;
        combo.DisplayMember =  this.dS.Tables[0].Columns[1].ColumnName; //This column is the Name of Employee
        combo.Location = new Point(button1.Location.X, button1.Location.Y + combo.Height * _i);
        combo.SelectedIndexChanged += new EventHandler(comboBox_SelectedIndexChanged);
        this.Controls.Add(combo);
    }

    private void comboBox_SelectedIndexChanged(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        foreach (Control ctrl in this.Controls)
        {
            if (ctrl is ComboBox && ctrl != sender && ctrl.Enabled)
            {
                ((BindingSource)((ComboBox)ctrl).DataSource).RemoveAt(((ComboBox)sender).SelectedIndex);
            }
        }
        ((ComboBox)sender).Enabled = false;
    }

This is pretty close to what you require, or easily adaptable to meet your expectations. Enjoy and please select an answer as the accepted one. Thanks!