PiccolMan PiccolMan - 4 months ago 9
Python Question

Reducing noise on Data

I have 2 lists with data points in them.

x = ["bunch of data points"]
y = ["bunch of data points"]

I've generated a graph using matplotlib in python

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

plt.plot(x, y, linewidth=2, linestyle="-", c="b")

Would I be able to reduce the noise on the data? Would a Kalman filter work here?

enter image description here


It depends how you define the "noise" and how is it caused. Since you didn't provide much information about your case, I'll take your question as "how to make the curve smooth". Kalman filter can do this, but it's too complex, I'd prefer simple IIR filter

mu, sigma = 0, 500

x = np.arange(1,100,0.1) # x axis
z = np.random.normal(mu, sigma, len(x)) # noise
y = x ** 2 + z # data
plt.plot(x, y, linewidth=2, linestyle="-", c="b") # it include some noise

enter image description here

After filter

n = 15 # the larger n is, the smoother curve will be
b = [1.0 / n] * n
a = 1
yy = lfilter(b,a,y)
plt.plot(x, yy, linewidth=2, linestyle="-", c="b") # smooth by filter

enter image description here

lfilter is a function from scipy.signal. I hope it will help you.

By the way, if you do want to use Kalman filter for smoothing, scipy also provides an example. Kalman filter should also work on this case, just not so necessary.