User_Targaryen User_Targaryen - 1 year ago 153
Python Question

How does Python return multiple values from a function?

I have written the following code:

class FigureOut:
first_name = None
last_name = None
def setName(self, name):
fullname = name.split()
self.first_name = fullname[0]
self.last_name = fullname[1]

def getName(self):
return self.first_name, self.last_name

f = FigureOut()
f.setName("Allen Solly")
name = f.getName()
print (name)

I get the following Output:

('Allen', 'Solly')

Whenever multiple values are returned from a function in python, does it always convert the multiple values to a list of multiple values and then returns it from the function?

Is the whole process same as converting the multiple values to a
explicitly and then returning the list, for example in JAVA, as one can return only one object from a function in JAVA?

Jim Jim
Answer Source

Python will return a tuple in this case since the return specifies comma separated values. Multiple values can only be returned inside containers.

You can look at the byte code generated from a function returning values like yours by using dis.dis. For comma separated values, it looks like:

def foo(a, b):
    return a,b    

import dis    
  2           0 LOAD_FAST                0 (a)
              3 LOAD_FAST                1 (b)
              6 BUILD_TUPLE              2
              9 RETURN_VALUE

As you can see the values are first loaded on the stack and then a BUILD_TUPLE (grabbing the previous 2 elements placed on the stack) is generated. Python knows to create tuple due to thhe commas being present.

You could alternatively specify another return type, for example a list, for this case a BUILD_LIST is going to be issued following the same semantics as it's tuple equivalent:

def foo(a, b):
    return [a, b]

import dis
  2           0 LOAD_FAST                0 (a)
              3 LOAD_FAST                1 (b)
              6 BUILD_LIST               2
              9 RETURN_VALUE

To summarize, one actual object is returned, if that object is of a container type, it in essence can contain multiple values giving the impression of multiple results.

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