Lebs Lebs - 6 months ago 40
Python Question

gunicorn cannot start flask

I cannot start flask by gunicorn. When I input "gunicorn run:app", the server gives me errors. But I check that there is no service using 127.0.0.1:8000. And I can use "python run.py" to run this application.

root@ip-172-31-18-230:/var/www/vamk.help/vamk# gunicorn run:app
[2016-05-11 02:13:09 +0000] [20288] [INFO] Starting gunicorn 19.4.5
[2016-05-11 02:13:09 +0000] [20288] [INFO] Listening at: http://127.0.0.1:8000 ( 20288)
[2016-05-11 02:13:09 +0000] [20288] [INFO] Using worker: sync
[2016-05-11 02:13:09 +0000] [20293] [INFO] Booting worker with pid: 20293
[2016-05-11 02:13:10 +0000] [20293] [ERROR] Exception in worker process:
Traceback (most recent call last):
File "/usr/local/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/gunicorn/arbiter.py", line 515, i n spawn_worker
worker.init_process()
File "/usr/local/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/gunicorn/workers/base.py", line 1 22, in init_process
self.load_wsgi()
File "/usr/local/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/gunicorn/workers/base.py", line 1 30, in load_wsgi
self.wsgi = self.app.wsgi()
File "/usr/local/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/gunicorn/app/base.py", line 67, i n wsgi
self.callable = self.load()
File "/usr/local/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/gunicorn/app/wsgiapp.py", line 65 , in load
return self.load_wsgiapp()
File "/usr/local/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/gunicorn/app/wsgiapp.py", line 52 , in load_wsgiapp
return util.import_app(self.app_uri)
File "/usr/local/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/gunicorn/util.py", line 357, in i mport_app
__import__(module)
File "/var/www/vamk.help/vamk/run.py", line 3, in <module>
app.run(threaded=True, debug=app.config['DEBUG'], port=app.config['PORT'])
File "/usr/local/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/flask/app.py", line 772, in run
run_simple(host, port, self, **options)
File "/usr/local/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/werkzeug/serving.py", line 677, i n run_simple
s.bind((hostname, port))
File "/usr/lib/python2.7/socket.py", line 224, in meth
return getattr(self._sock,name)(*args)
error: [Errno 98] Address already in use
Traceback (most recent call last):
File "/usr/local/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/gunicorn/arbiter.py", line 515, i n spawn_worker
worker.init_process()
File "/usr/local/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/gunicorn/workers/base.py", line 1 22, in init_process
self.load_wsgi()
File "/usr/local/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/gunicorn/workers/base.py", line 1 30, in load_wsgi
self.wsgi = self.app.wsgi()
File "/usr/local/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/gunicorn/app/base.py", line 67, i n wsgi
self.callable = self.load()
File "/usr/local/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/gunicorn/app/wsgiapp.py", line 65 , in load
return self.load_wsgiapp()
File "/usr/local/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/gunicorn/app/wsgiapp.py", line 52 , in load_wsgiapp
return util.import_app(self.app_uri)
File "/usr/local/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/gunicorn/util.py", line 357, in i mport_app
__import__(module)
File "/var/www/vamk.help/vamk/run.py", line 3, in <module>
app.run(threaded=True, debug=app.config['DEBUG'], port=app.config['PORT'])
File "/usr/local/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/flask/app.py", line 772, in run
run_simple(host, port, self, **options)
File "/usr/local/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/werkzeug/serving.py", line 677, i n run_simple
s.bind((hostname, port))
File "/usr/lib/python2.7/socket.py", line 224, in meth
return getattr(self._sock,name)(*args)
error: [Errno 98] Address already in use

Answer

To use flask with gunicorn you should not run the app (app.run()) since it is a single blocking process which is used only for testing.

Instead import app directly from the module (if it is a single file, run from it) instead of from the external run.py.

This is the right way to use gunicorn with flask.

gunicorn  -b HOST:PORT <flask_app_module_or_file>:app

Replace with the correct module or file name. Use -b flag to set the IP address and port number.

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