Icemanind Icemanind - 19 days ago 5
C# Question

Issue with serializing data using JSON.Net

I am using a Kendo Scheduler in my app to pull data from my database using a Web Api. I created a Web Api function and just hard coded some data in there to be sure the Kendo Scheduler could read my data. Here is my code for the Api function:

[Route("api/v1/Events/GetPersonalEvents", Name = "ApiEventsGetPersonalEvents")]
[HttpGet]
public DataSourceResult GetPersonalEvents([System.Web.Http.ModelBinding.ModelBinder(typeof(WebApiDataSourceRequestModelBinder))]DataSourceRequest request)
{
var q = new ViewModels.Events.EventViewModel();
q.Id = 1;
q.Title = "This is a test";
q.Start = DateTime.Now;
q.End = DateTime.Now.AddHours(1);
q.Description = "Test entry";

var list = new List<ViewModels.Events.EventViewModel>();
list.Add(q);
return list.ToDataSourceResult(request);
}


The Kendo Scheduler was not showing anything on the calendar. Using Fiddler, I was able to see that Kendo Scheduler was calling my API and my API was returning data. Here is the JSON getting sent:

{
"data":[
{
"id":1,
"title":"This is a test",
"description":"Test entry",
"isAllDay":false,
"start":"2016-11-18T15:31:33.1173519-08:00",
"end":"2016-11-18T16:31:33.1178524-08:00",
"startTimezone":null,
"endTimezone":null,
"recurrenceRule":null,
"recurrenceException":null
}
],
"total":1,
"aggregateResults":null,
"errors":null
}


Everything seemed to be working fine. Upon further investigation, I finally figured out my issue. In my
global.asax.cs
file I have these lines:

HttpConfiguration config = GlobalConfiguration.Configuration;
config.Formatters.JsonFormatter.SerializerSettings.ContractResolver = new CamelCasePropertyNamesContractResolver();
config.Formatters.JsonFormatter.UseDataContractJsonSerializer = false;


What this does is it causes JSON.Net to automatically convert C# names to Javascript-friendly names (e.g.
Title
becomes
title
,
Description
becomes
description
, etc...), which is what I want. However, Kendo, apparently, requires the names to be like C# (e.g.
Title
instead of
title
). I verified this by commenting out those three lines in my
global.asax.cs
file and everything worked fine.

So, then I turned my attention to my ViewModel. I decorated my properties with the
JsonProperty
attribute, specifying a specific name. However, it's still being serialized as lower case names. Here is the view model code:

public class EventViewModel : ISchedulerEvent
{
[JsonProperty(PropertyName = "Id")]
public int Id { get; set; }

[JsonProperty(PropertyName = "Title")]
public string Title { get; set; }

[JsonProperty(PropertyName = "Description")]
public string Description { get; set; }

[JsonProperty(PropertyName = "IsAllDay")]
public bool IsAllDay { get; set; }

[JsonProperty(PropertyName = "Start")]
public DateTime Start { get; set; }

[JsonProperty(PropertyName = "End")]
public DateTime End { get; set; }

[JsonProperty(PropertyName = "StartTimezone")]
public string StartTimezone { get; set; }

[JsonProperty(PropertyName = "EndTimezone")]
public string EndTimezone { get; set; }

[JsonProperty(PropertyName = "RecurrenceRule")]
public string RecurrenceRule { get; set; }

[JsonProperty(PropertyName = "RecurrenceException")]
public string RecurrenceException { get; set; }
}


So now I am out of ideas. So is there a way to either a way to make Json.Net serialize my names properly JUST for this one method or is there some other attribute I can use in my view model to make the names serialize correctly or is there a setting in Kendo that would allow Kendo to use the camel case format?

dbc dbc
Answer

If you are using Json.NET 9.0.1 or later, you can specify a naming strategy for a specific type by marking it with [JsonObject(NamingStrategyType = typeof(TNamingStrategy))]. This overrides the naming strategy of CamelCasePropertyNamesContractResolver. In your case you want DefaultNamingStrategy:

[JsonObject(NamingStrategyType = typeof(DefaultNamingStrategy))]
public class EventViewModel
{
    public int Id { get; set; }

    public string Title { get; set; }

    public string Description { get; set; }

    public bool IsAllDay { get; set; }

    public DateTime Start { get; set; }

    public DateTime End { get; set; }

    public string StartTimezone { get; set; }

    public string EndTimezone { get; set; }

    public string RecurrenceRule { get; set; }

    public string RecurrenceException { get; set; }
}

Note that the [JsonProperty("name")] attributes are no longer needed.

On your global contract resolver, there is also a property NamingStrategy. Setting NamingStrategy.OverrideSpecifiedNames to false also prevents [JsonProperty("name")] names from being overridden globally. For CamelCasePropertyNamesContractResolver it seems the default is true, which is the cause of your problem.