John Oxley John Oxley - 1 month ago 5
C# Question

Nested yield return with IEnumerable

I have the following function to get validation errors for a card. My question relates to dealing with GetErrors. Both methods have the same return type


private static IEnumerable<ErrorInfo> GetErrors(Card card)
var errors = GetMoreErrors(card);
foreach (var e in errors)
yield return e;

// further yield returns for more validation errors

Is it possible to return all the errors in
without having to enumerate through them?

Thinking about it this is probably a stupid question, but I want to make sure I'm not going wrong.


It's definitely not a stupid question, and it's something that F# supports with yield! for a whole collection vs yield for a single item. (That can be very useful in terms of tail recursion...)

Unfortunately it's not supported in C#.

However, if you have several methods each returning an IEnumerable<ErrorInfo>, you can use Enumerable.Concat to make your code simpler:

private static IEnumerable<ErrorInfo> GetErrors(Card card)
    return GetMoreErrors(card).Concat(GetOtherErrors())

There's one very important difference between the two implementations though: this one will call all of the methods immediately, even though it will only use the returned iterators one at a time. Your existing code will wait until it's looped through everything in GetMoreErrors() before it even asks about the next errors.

Usually this isn't important, but it's worth understanding what's going to happen when.