Parze Parze - 4 months ago 22
Bash Question

sed - replace newlines with literal \n

This stackoverflow question has an answer to replace newlines with sed, using the format sed ':a;N;$!ba;s/\n/ /g'.

This works, but not for special characters like \r, \n, etc.

What I'm trying to do is to replace the newline character by a literal \n.
Tried

sed ':a;N;$!ba;s/\n/\\n/g'


and

sed ':a;N;$!ba;s/\n/\\\n/g'


also

sed ":a;N;$!ba;s/\n/'\'n/g"


but all to no avail. Sed keeps replacing the newline character.... with a newline character.

Thoughts?

Edited after first answer:



For the sake of completeness the commands run are :

PostContent=
cat $TextTable | sed -E ':a;N;$!ba;s/\r{0,1}\n/\\n/g'


Where TextTable is a variable linking to a text file containing a JSON output in the following format :

{"posts":[{"title":"mysupertest","slug":"bi-test","markdown":"##TEST
First things first !
To TEST this TEST TEST, click the download button below.
If you need more information about the TEST TEST, you can read the Table of Contents below.

<a href='/assets/TEST.pdf' style='border-radius:5px; padding: 4px 15px; background-color:#008CBA; color:white; text-decoration:none; float:right;' download> Download </a>


##TEST OF TEST


###TEST TEST PLATFORM TEST GUIDE
WaTESTve TEST SetupTEST
TESTTEST
TESTTESTETESTTETSTTEST
TESTTESTTTETST
TESTTES
TESTTESTESSTSTESTESTTES
TEST","image":"http://localhost:3000/myimage.jpg","featured":false,"page":false,"status":"draft","language":"en_US","meta_title":null,"meta_description":null,"author":"4","publishedBy":null,"tags":[{"uuid":"ember2034","name":"implementation guides","slug":null,"description":null,"meta_title":null,"meta_description":null,"image":null,"visibility":"public"}]}]}

Answer

This should work with both LF or CR-LF line endings:

sed -E ':a;N;$!ba;s/\r{0,1}\n/\\n/g' file
Comments