Algorithm_NL Algorithm_NL - 20 days ago 8
jQuery Question

Multiseries line chart with mouseover tooltip

I've created a multi-series line chart using this bl.ocks.org code example. I've managed to recreate it on JSFiddle.

Multi-series line chart

Now, I'm trying to add an x-value mouseover tooltip, which displays the a tooltip at each line when you hover its vertical position. Something like this, but for multiple lines.

I found this StackOverflow answer (it includes a JSFiddle), but I can't seem to make it work with my multiseries line chart.

svg.append("path") // this is the black vertical line to follow mouse
.attr("class","mouseLine")
.style("stroke","black")
.style("stroke-width", "1px")
.style("opacity", "0");

var mouseCircle = causation.append("g") // for each line, add group to hold text and circle
.attr("class","mouseCircle");

mouseCircle.append("circle") // add a circle to follow along path
.attr("r", 7)
.style("stroke", function(d) { console.log(d); return color(d.key); })
.style("fill","none")
.style("stroke-width", "1px");

mouseCircle.append("text")
.attr("transform", "translate(10,3)"); // text to hold coordinates

var bisect = d3.bisector(function(d) { return d.YEAR; }).right; // reusable bisect to find points before/after line

svg.append('svg:rect') // append a rect to catch mouse movements on canvas
.attr('width', width) // can't catch mouse events on a g element
.attr('height', height)
.attr('fill', 'none')
.attr('pointer-events', 'all')
.on('mouseout', function(){ // on mouse out hide line, circles and text
d3.select(".mouseLine")
.style("opacity", "0");
d3.selectAll(".mouseCircle circle")
.style("opacity", "0");
d3.selectAll(".mouseCircle text")
.style("opacity", "0");
})
.on('mouseover', function(){ // on mouse in show line, circles and text
d3.select(".mouseLine")
.style("opacity", "1");
d3.selectAll(".mouseCircle circle")
.style("opacity", "1");
d3.selectAll(".mouseCircle text")
.style("opacity", "1");
})
.on('mousemove', function() { // mouse moving over canvas
d3.select(".mouseLine")
.attr("d", function(){
yRange = y.range(); // range of y axis
var xCoor = d3.mouse(this)[0]; // mouse position in x
var xDate = x.invert(xCoor); // date corresponding to mouse x
d3.selectAll('.mouseCircle') // for each circle group
.each(function(d,i){
var rightIdx = bisect(data[1].values, xDate); // find date in data that right off mouse
var interSect = get_line_intersection(xCoor, // get the intersection of our vertical line and the data line
yRange[0],
xCoor,
yRange[1],
x(data[i].values[rightIdx-1].YEAR),
y(data[i].values[rightIdx-1].VALUE),
x(data[i].values[rightIdx].YEAR),
y(data[i].values[rightIdx].VALUE));

d3.select(this) // move the circle to intersection
.attr('transform', 'translate(' + interSect.x + ',' + interSect.y + ')');

d3.select(this.children[1]) // write coordinates out
.text(xDate.toLocaleDateString() + "," + y.invert(interSect.y).toFixed(0));

});

return "M"+ xCoor +"," + yRange[0] + "L" + xCoor + "," + yRange[1]; // position vertical line
});
});

// from here: http://stackoverflow.com/a/1968345/16363
function get_line_intersection(p0_x, p0_y, p1_x, p1_y,
p2_x, p2_y, p3_x, p3_y)
{
var rV = {};
var s1_x, s1_y, s2_x, s2_y;
s1_x = p1_x - p0_x; s1_y = p1_y - p0_y;
s2_x = p3_x - p2_x; s2_y = p3_y - p2_y;

var s, t;
s = (-s1_y * (p0_x - p2_x) + s1_x * (p0_y - p2_y)) / (-s2_x * s1_y + s1_x * s2_y);
t = ( s2_x * (p0_y - p2_y) - s2_y * (p0_x - p2_x)) / (-s2_x * s1_y + s1_x * s2_y);

if (s >= 0 && s <= 1 && t >= 0 && t <= 1)
{
// Collision detected
rV.x = p0_x + (t * s1_x);
rV.y = p0_y + (t * s1_y);
}

return rV;
}


So, to put it simply, I want to combine my line chart JSFiddle with this tooltip JSFiddle. Does anybody know how to do this? Or is there an easier way to create a tooltip like this? Any help is appreciated!

Answer

The question you referenced I answered back in April. Since then, I've learned a bit more about SVG and d3, so I'll let this serve as an update to that answer.

Note, I borrowed a bit of code from @Duopixel's excellent code sample here.

Here's the commented particulars:

// append a g for all the mouse over nonsense
var mouseG = svg.append("g")
  .attr("class", "mouse-over-effects");

// this is the vertical line
mouseG.append("path")
  .attr("class", "mouse-line")
  .style("stroke", "black")
  .style("stroke-width", "1px")
  .style("opacity", "0");

// keep a reference to all our lines
var lines = document.getElementsByClassName('line');

// here's a g for each circle and text on the line
var mousePerLine = mouseG.selectAll('.mouse-per-line')
  .data(cities)
  .enter()
  .append("g")
  .attr("class", "mouse-per-line");

// the circle
mousePerLine.append("circle")
  .attr("r", 7)
  .style("stroke", function(d) {
    return color(d.name);
  })
  .style("fill", "none")
  .style("stroke-width", "1px")
  .style("opacity", "0");

// the text
mousePerLine.append("text")
  .attr("transform", "translate(10,3)");

// rect to capture mouse movements
mouseG.append('svg:rect')
  .attr('width', width)
  .attr('height', height)
  .attr('fill', 'none')
  .attr('pointer-events', 'all')
  .on('mouseout', function() { // on mouse out hide line, circles and text
    d3.select(".mouse-line")
      .style("opacity", "0");
    d3.selectAll(".mouse-per-line circle")
      .style("opacity", "0");
    d3.selectAll(".mouse-per-line text")
      .style("opacity", "0");
  })
  .on('mouseover', function() { // on mouse in show line, circles and text
    d3.select(".mouse-line")
      .style("opacity", "1");
    d3.selectAll(".mouse-per-line circle")
      .style("opacity", "1");
    d3.selectAll(".mouse-per-line text")
      .style("opacity", "1");
  })
  .on('mousemove', function() { // mouse moving over canvas
    var mouse = d3.mouse(this);

    // move the vertical line
    d3.select(".mouse-line")
      .attr("d", function() {
        var d = "M" + mouse[0] + "," + height;
        d += " " + mouse[0] + "," + 0;
        return d;
      });

    // position the circle and text
    d3.selectAll(".mouse-per-line")
      .attr("transform", function(d, i) {
        console.log(width/mouse[0])
        var xDate = x.invert(mouse[0]),
            bisect = d3.bisector(function(d) { return d.date; }).right;
            idx = bisect(d.values, xDate);

        // since we are use curve fitting we can't relay on finding the points like I had done in my last answer
        // this conducts a search using some SVG path functions
        // to find the correct position on the line
        // from http://bl.ocks.org/duopixel/3824661
        var beginning = 0,
            end = lines[i].getTotalLength(),
            target = null;

        while (true){
          target = Math.floor((beginning + end) / 2);
          pos = lines[i].getPointAtLength(target);
          if ((target === end || target === beginning) && pos.x !== mouse[0]) {
              break;
          }
          if (pos.x > mouse[0])      end = target;
          else if (pos.x < mouse[0]) beginning = target;
          else break; //position found
        }

        // update the text with y value
        d3.select(this).select('text')
          .text(y.invert(pos.y).toFixed(2));

        // return position
        return "translate(" + mouse[0] + "," + pos.y +")";
      });
  });

Full working code:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>

<head>
  <script data-require="d3@3.5.3" data-semver="3.5.3" src="//cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/d3/3.5.3/d3.js"></script>
  <style>
    body {
      font: 10px sans-serif;
    }
    
    .axis path,
    .axis line {
      fill: none;
      stroke: #000;
      shape-rendering: crispEdges;
    }
    
    .x.axis path {
      display: none;
    }
    
    .line {
      fill: none;
      stroke: steelblue;
      stroke-width: 1.5px;
    }
  </style>
</head>

<body>
  <script>
    var myData = "date	New York	San Francisco	Austin\n\
20111001	63.4	62.7	72.2\n\
20111002	58.0	59.9	67.7\n\
20111003	53.3	59.1	69.4\n\
20111004	55.7	58.8	68.0\n\
20111005	64.2	58.7	72.4\n\
20111006	58.8	57.0	77.0\n\
20111007	57.9	56.7	82.3\n\
20111008	61.8	56.8	78.9\n\
20111009	69.3	56.7	68.8\n\
20111010	71.2	60.1	68.7\n\
20111011	68.7	61.1	70.3\n\
20111012	61.8	61.5	75.3\n\
20111013	63.0	64.3	76.6\n\
20111014	66.9	67.1	66.6\n\
20111015	61.7	64.6	68.0\n\
20111016	61.8	61.6	70.6\n\
20111017	62.8	61.1	71.1\n\
20111018	60.8	59.2	70.0\n\
20111019	62.1	58.9	61.6\n\
20111020	65.1	57.2	57.4\n\
20111021	55.6	56.4	64.3\n\
20111022	54.4	60.7	72.4\n";

    var margin = {
        top: 20,
        right: 80,
        bottom: 30,
        left: 50
      },
      width = 500 - margin.left - margin.right,
      height = 500 - margin.top - margin.bottom;

    var parseDate = d3.time.format("%Y%m%d").parse;

    var x = d3.time.scale()
      .range([0, width]);

    var y = d3.scale.linear()
      .range([height, 0]);

    var color = d3.scale.category10();

    var xAxis = d3.svg.axis()
      .scale(x)
      .orient("bottom");

    var yAxis = d3.svg.axis()
      .scale(y)
      .orient("left");

    var line = d3.svg.line()
      .interpolate("basis")
      .x(function(d) {
        return x(d.date);
      })
      .y(function(d) {
        return y(d.temperature);
      });

    var svg = d3.select("body").append("svg")
      .attr("width", width + margin.left + margin.right)
      .attr("height", height + margin.top + margin.bottom)
      .append("g")
      .attr("transform", "translate(" + margin.left + "," + margin.top + ")");

    var data = d3.tsv.parse(myData);

    color.domain(d3.keys(data[0]).filter(function(key) {
      return key !== "date";
    }));

    data.forEach(function(d) {
      d.date = parseDate(d.date);
    });

    var cities = color.domain().map(function(name) {
      return {
        name: name,
        values: data.map(function(d) {
          return {
            date: d.date,
            temperature: +d[name]
          };
        })
      };
    });

    x.domain(d3.extent(data, function(d) {
      return d.date;
    }));

    y.domain([
      d3.min(cities, function(c) {
        return d3.min(c.values, function(v) {
          return v.temperature;
        });
      }),
      d3.max(cities, function(c) {
        return d3.max(c.values, function(v) {
          return v.temperature;
        });
      })
    ]);

    var legend = svg.selectAll('g')
      .data(cities)
      .enter()
      .append('g')
      .attr('class', 'legend');

    legend.append('rect')
      .attr('x', width - 20)
      .attr('y', function(d, i) {
        return i * 20;
      })
      .attr('width', 10)
      .attr('height', 10)
      .style('fill', function(d) {
        return color(d.name);
      });

    legend.append('text')
      .attr('x', width - 8)
      .attr('y', function(d, i) {
        return (i * 20) + 9;
      })
      .text(function(d) {
        return d.name;
      });

    svg.append("g")
      .attr("class", "x axis")
      .attr("transform", "translate(0," + height + ")")
      .call(xAxis);

    svg.append("g")
      .attr("class", "y axis")
      .call(yAxis)
      .append("text")
      .attr("transform", "rotate(-90)")
      .attr("y", 6)
      .attr("dy", ".71em")
      .style("text-anchor", "end")
      .text("Temperature (ºF)");

    var city = svg.selectAll(".city")
      .data(cities)
      .enter().append("g")
      .attr("class", "city");

    city.append("path")
      .attr("class", "line")
      .attr("d", function(d) {
        return line(d.values);
      })
      .style("stroke", function(d) {
        return color(d.name);
      });

    city.append("text")
      .datum(function(d) {
        return {
          name: d.name,
          value: d.values[d.values.length - 1]
        };
      })
      .attr("transform", function(d) {
        return "translate(" + x(d.value.date) + "," + y(d.value.temperature) + ")";
      })
      .attr("x", 3)
      .attr("dy", ".35em")
      .text(function(d) {
        return d.name;
      });

    var mouseG = svg.append("g")
      .attr("class", "mouse-over-effects");

    mouseG.append("path") // this is the black vertical line to follow mouse
      .attr("class", "mouse-line")
      .style("stroke", "black")
      .style("stroke-width", "1px")
      .style("opacity", "0");
      
    var lines = document.getElementsByClassName('line');

    var mousePerLine = mouseG.selectAll('.mouse-per-line')
      .data(cities)
      .enter()
      .append("g")
      .attr("class", "mouse-per-line");

    mousePerLine.append("circle")
      .attr("r", 7)
      .style("stroke", function(d) {
        return color(d.name);
      })
      .style("fill", "none")
      .style("stroke-width", "1px")
      .style("opacity", "0");

    mousePerLine.append("text")
      .attr("transform", "translate(10,3)");

    mouseG.append('svg:rect') // append a rect to catch mouse movements on canvas
      .attr('width', width) // can't catch mouse events on a g element
      .attr('height', height)
      .attr('fill', 'none')
      .attr('pointer-events', 'all')
      .on('mouseout', function() { // on mouse out hide line, circles and text
        d3.select(".mouse-line")
          .style("opacity", "0");
        d3.selectAll(".mouse-per-line circle")
          .style("opacity", "0");
        d3.selectAll(".mouse-per-line text")
          .style("opacity", "0");
      })
      .on('mouseover', function() { // on mouse in show line, circles and text
        d3.select(".mouse-line")
          .style("opacity", "1");
        d3.selectAll(".mouse-per-line circle")
          .style("opacity", "1");
        d3.selectAll(".mouse-per-line text")
          .style("opacity", "1");
      })
      .on('mousemove', function() { // mouse moving over canvas
        var mouse = d3.mouse(this);
        d3.select(".mouse-line")
          .attr("d", function() {
            var d = "M" + mouse[0] + "," + height;
            d += " " + mouse[0] + "," + 0;
            return d;
          });

        d3.selectAll(".mouse-per-line")
          .attr("transform", function(d, i) {
            console.log(width/mouse[0])
            var xDate = x.invert(mouse[0]),
                bisect = d3.bisector(function(d) { return d.date; }).right;
                idx = bisect(d.values, xDate);
            
            var beginning = 0,
                end = lines[i].getTotalLength(),
                target = null;

            while (true){
              target = Math.floor((beginning + end) / 2);
              pos = lines[i].getPointAtLength(target);
              if ((target === end || target === beginning) && pos.x !== mouse[0]) {
                  break;
              }
              if (pos.x > mouse[0])      end = target;
              else if (pos.x < mouse[0]) beginning = target;
              else break; //position found
            }
            
            d3.select(this).select('text')
              .text(y.invert(pos.y).toFixed(2));
              
            return "translate(" + mouse[0] + "," + pos.y +")";
          });
      });
      
  </script>
</body>

</html>

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