Dom Dom - 4 months ago 5
MySQL Question

Mysql query to dynamically convert rows to columns

Can MySQL convert columns into rows, dynamically adding as many columns as are needed for the rows. I think my question might be related to pivot tables but I'm unsure and I don't know how to frame this question other than by giving the following example.

Given a two tables A and B, which look like

Table A

+--+-----+----+
|id|order|data|
+--+-----+----+
|1 |1 |P |
+--+-----+----+
|2 |2 |Q |
+--+-----+----+
|2 |1 |R |
+--+-----+----+
|1 |2 |S |
+--+-----+----+


I like to write a query that looks like the following:

Result Table

+--+-----+-----+
|id|data1|data2|
+--+-----+-----+
|1 |P |S |
+--+-----+-----+
|2 |R |Q |
+--+-----+-----+


Basically I want to turn each row in table B into a column in the result table. If there was a new entry was added to table B for id=1, then I want the result table to automatically extend by one column to accommodate this extra data point.

Answer

You can use GROUP BY and MAX to simulate pivot. MySQL also supports IF statement.

SELECT  ID,
        MAX(IF(`order` = 1, data, NULL)) data1,
        MAX(IF(`order` = 2, data, NULL)) data2
FROM    TableA
GROUP   BY ID

If you have multiple values of order, dynamic SQL may be more appropriate so that you will not have to modify the query:

SET @sql = NULL;
SELECT
  GROUP_CONCAT(DISTINCT
    CONCAT(
      'MAX(IF(`order` = ', `order`, ',data,NULL)) AS data', `order`)
  ) INTO @sql
FROM TableName;

SET @sql = CONCAT('SELECT  ID, ', @sql, ' 
                  FROM    TableName
                  GROUP   BY ID');

PREPARE stmt FROM @sql;
EXECUTE stmt;
DEALLOCATE PREPARE stmt;

OUTPUT OF BOTH QUERIES:

╔════╦═══════╦═══════╗
║ ID ║ DATA1 ║ DATA2 ║
╠════╬═══════╬═══════╣
║  1 ║ P     ║ S     ║
║  2 ║ R     ║ Q     ║
╚════╩═══════╩═══════╝