roundtheworld roundtheworld - 1 month ago 26
MySQL Question

Using Docker I get the error: "SQLSTATE[HY000] [2002] No such file or directory"

I'm using Docker to create a container to test my web app built on PHP and MySQL on my Mac. My PHP app is built using Fat-Free Framework for MVC and routing. I have two Dockerfiles, one for MySQL and one for PHP. I've used test Docker applications successfully, so I believe my images are installed correctly.

The main part of the error:

Internal Server Error

SQLSTATE[HY000] [2002] No such file or directory

[fatfree/lib/DB/SQL.php:466] PDO->__construct('mysql:host=127.0.0.1;port=3306;dbname=robohome','root','password',array(1002=>'SET NAMES utf8;'))
[fatfree/app/Controllers/Controller.php:24] DB\SQL->__construct('mysql:host=127.0.0.1;port=3306;dbname=robohome','root','password')


Note, if I connect using
127.0.0.1
instead of
localhost
I get a slightly different error that says:
SQLSTATE[HY000] [2002] Connection refused


My PHP Dockerfile:

FROM php:5.6-apache

RUN docker-php-ext-install mysqli pdo pdo_mysql
RUN a2enmod rewrite


My MySQL Dockerfile:

FROM mysql:5.7

ENV MYSQL_ROOT_PASSWORD password
ENV MYSQL_DATABASE robohome

COPY ./schema.sql /docker-entrypoint-initdb.d/


My
Controller.php
file where the error mentions line 24:

<?php

namespace Controllers;

class Controller
{
protected $f3;
protected $db;

public function __construct()
{
$f3 = \Base::instance();
$this->f3 = $f3;

$mysqlServerName = $f3->get("MYSQL_SERVERNAME");
$mysqlDatabseName = $f3->get("MYSQL_DBNAME");

//$container = \DI\ContainerBuilder::buildDevContainer(); <-Not used currently

//Below is line 24 referred to in the error
$db = new \DB\SQL(
"mysql:host={$mysqlServerName};port=3306;dbname={$mysqlDatabseName}",
$f3->get("MYSQL_USERNAME"),
$f3->get("MYSQL_PASSWORD")
);

$this->db = $db;
}


Those
MYSQL_*
values are pulled from an
.ini
file:

MYSQL_SERVERNAME = "localhost" <-This is what I've tried changing to 127.0.0.1
MYSQL_USERNAME = "root"
MYSQL_PASSWORD = "password"
MYSQL_DBNAME = "robohome"


My Docker compose file:

version: '2'

services:
web:
build: ./docker/php
ports:
- 80:80
volumes:
- .:/var/www/html/
links:
- db
db:
build: ./docker/mysql
ports:
- 3306


I run this by doing
docker-compose up --build -d
. The output I can then get from
docker ps
is:

CONTAINER ID IMAGE COMMAND CREATED STATUS PORTS NAMES
f35066a16586 robohomeweb_mysql "docker-entrypoint.sh" 3 minutes ago Up 2 seconds 0.0.0.0:32777->3306/tcp robohomeweb_mysql_1
86d34eb34583 robohomeweb_php "apache2-foreground" 3 minutes ago Up 2 seconds 0.0.0.0:80->80/tcp robohomeweb_php_1


If I run in the foreground instead, I get the following output:

Building php
Step 1 : FROM php:5.6-apache
---> 8f9b7e57129a
Step 2 : RUN docker-php-ext-install mysqli pdo pdo_mysql
---> Using cache
---> fadd8f9e7207
Step 3 : RUN a2enmod rewrite
---> Using cache
---> 9dfed7fdc60f
Successfully built 9dfed7fdc60f
Building mysql
Step 1 : FROM mysql:5.7
---> eda6a4884645
Step 2 : ENV MYSQL_ROOT_PASSWORD password
---> Using cache
---> 759895ac5772
Step 3 : ENV MYSQL_DATABASE robohome
---> Using cache
---> e926c5ecc088
Step 4 : COPY ./schema.sql /docker-entrypoint-initdb.d/
---> Using cache
---> cf5d00aa8020
Successfully built cf5d00aa8020
Starting robohomeweb_php_1
Starting robohomeweb_mysql_1
Attaching to robohomeweb_mysql_1, robohomeweb_php_1
php_1 | AH00558: apache2: Could not reliably determine the server's fully qualified domain name, using 172.18.0.3. Set the 'ServerName' directive globally to suppress this message
php_1 | AH00558: apache2: Could not reliably determine the server's fully qualified domain name, using 172.18.0.3. Set the 'ServerName' directive globally to suppress this message
php_1 | [Sun Oct 16 20:21:17.944575 2016] [mpm_prefork:notice] [pid 1] AH00163: Apache/2.4.10 (Debian) PHP/5.6.26 configured -- resuming normal operations
php_1 | [Sun Oct 16 20:21:17.946919 2016] [core:notice] [pid 1] AH00094: Command line: 'apache2 -D FOREGROUND'
mysql_1 | 2016-10-16T20:21:18.036272Z 0 [Warning] TIMESTAMP with implicit DEFAULT value is deprecated. Please use --explicit_defaults_for_timestamp server option (see documentation for more details).
mysql_1 | 2016-10-16T20:21:18.038330Z 0 [Note] mysqld (mysqld 5.7.16) starting as process 1 ...
mysql_1 | 2016-10-16T20:21:18.043331Z 0 [Note] InnoDB: PUNCH HOLE support available
mysql_1 | 2016-10-16T20:21:18.043603Z 0 [Note] InnoDB: Mutexes and rw_locks use GCC atomic builtins
mysql_1 | 2016-10-16T20:21:18.043951Z 0 [Note] InnoDB: Uses event mutexes
mysql_1 | 2016-10-16T20:21:18.044077Z 0 [Note] InnoDB: GCC builtin __atomic_thread_fence() is used for memory barrier
mysql_1 | 2016-10-16T20:21:18.044260Z 0 [Note] InnoDB: Compressed tables use zlib 1.2.3
mysql_1 | 2016-10-16T20:21:18.044414Z 0 [Note] InnoDB: Using Linux native AIO
mysql_1 | 2016-10-16T20:21:18.045150Z 0 [Note] InnoDB: Number of pools: 1
mysql_1 | 2016-10-16T20:21:18.045620Z 0 [Note] InnoDB: Using CPU crc32 instructions
mysql_1 | 2016-10-16T20:21:18.047629Z 0 [Note] InnoDB: Initializing buffer pool, total size = 128M, instances = 1, chunk size = 128M
mysql_1 | 2016-10-16T20:21:18.057705Z 0 [Note] InnoDB: Completed initialization of buffer pool
mysql_1 | 2016-10-16T20:21:18.059988Z 0 [Note] InnoDB: If the mysqld execution user is authorized, page cleaner thread priority can be changed. See the man page of setpriority().
mysql_1 | 2016-10-16T20:21:18.074670Z 0 [Note] InnoDB: Highest supported file format is Barracuda.
mysql_1 | 2016-10-16T20:21:18.101209Z 0 [Note] InnoDB: Creating shared tablespace for temporary tables
mysql_1 | 2016-10-16T20:21:18.101433Z 0 [Note] InnoDB: Setting file './ibtmp1' size to 12 MB. Physically writing the file full; Please wait ...
mysql_1 | 2016-10-16T20:21:18.354806Z 0 [Note] InnoDB: File './ibtmp1' size is now 12 MB.
mysql_1 | 2016-10-16T20:21:18.356928Z 0 [Note] InnoDB: 96 redo rollback segment(s) found. 96 redo rollback segment(s) are active.
mysql_1 | 2016-10-16T20:21:18.357158Z 0 [Note] InnoDB: 32 non-redo rollback segment(s) are active.
mysql_1 | 2016-10-16T20:21:18.358049Z 0 [Note] InnoDB: Waiting for purge to start
mysql_1 | 2016-10-16T20:21:18.412987Z 0 [Note] InnoDB: 5.7.16 started; log sequence number 12179647
mysql_1 | 2016-10-16T20:21:18.414470Z 0 [Note] Plugin 'FEDERATED' is disabled.
mysql_1 | 2016-10-16T20:21:18.421833Z 0 [Note] InnoDB: Loading buffer pool(s) from /var/lib/mysql/ib_buffer_pool
mysql_1 | 2016-10-16T20:21:18.424144Z 0 [Note] InnoDB: Buffer pool(s) load completed at 161016 20:21:18
mysql_1 | 2016-10-16T20:21:18.425607Z 0 [Warning] Failed to set up SSL because of the following SSL library error: SSL context is not usable without certificate and private key
mysql_1 | 2016-10-16T20:21:18.427018Z 0 [Note] Server hostname (bind-address): '*'; port: 3306
mysql_1 | 2016-10-16T20:21:18.427581Z 0 [Note] IPv6 is available.
mysql_1 | 2016-10-16T20:21:18.427749Z 0 [Note] - '::' resolves to '::';
mysql_1 | 2016-10-16T20:21:18.428019Z 0 [Note] Server socket created on IP: '::'.
mysql_1 | 2016-10-16T20:21:18.456023Z 0 [Warning] 'db' entry 'sys mysql.sys@localhost' ignored in --skip-name-resolve mode.
mysql_1 | 2016-10-16T20:21:18.456354Z 0 [Warning] 'proxies_priv' entry '@ root@localhost' ignored in --skip-name-resolve mode.
mysql_1 | 2016-10-16T20:21:18.480237Z 0 [Warning] 'tables_priv' entry 'sys_config mysql.sys@localhost' ignored in --skip-name-resolve mode.
mysql_1 | 2016-10-16T20:21:18.488758Z 0 [Note] Event Scheduler: Loaded 0 events
mysql_1 | 2016-10-16T20:21:18.490880Z 0 [Note] mysqld: ready for connections.
mysql_1 | Version: '5.7.16' socket: '/var/run/mysqld/mysqld.sock' port: 3306 MySQL Community Server (GPL)


From my research, I've tried connecting using both
localhost
and
127.0.0.1
since they're technically treated differently. It could also be something related to trying to talk via sockets instead of TCP. Ideally I would like a solution that I can bake into my Dockerfiles so I don't have to worry about remembering commands or how I did something.

Answer

As someone pointed out in the comments, the docker-compose file you provided is very relevant to your question.

The documentation for links in docker-compose files says

Containers for the linked service will be reachable at a hostname identical to the alias, or the service name if no alias was specified.

In your case, the database container is named db, so resolving db host from the PHP container should point you at the MySQL container. Replacing localhost with db in your config file should allow the PHP container to connect to MySQL.

Comments