James A James A - 2 months ago 27
R Question

R: Insert rows for missing dates/times

I am new to R but have turned to it to solve a problem with a large data set I am trying to process. Currently I have a 4 columns of data (Y values) set against minute-interval timestamps (month/day/year hour:min) (X values) as below:

timestamp tr tt sr st
1 9/1/01 0:00 1.018269e+02 -312.8622 -1959.393 4959.828
2 9/1/01 0:01 1.023567e+02 -313.0002 -1957.755 4958.935
3 9/1/01 0:02 1.018857e+02 -313.9406 -1956.799 4959.938
4 9/1/01 0:03 1.025463e+02 -310.9261 -1957.347 4961.095
5 9/1/01 0:04 1.010228e+02 -311.5469 -1957.786 4959.078


The problem I have is that some timestamp values are missing - e.g. there may be a gap between 9/1/01 0:13 and 9/1/01 0:27 and such gaps are irregular through the data set. I need to put several of these series into the same database and because the missing values are different for each series, the dates do not currently align on each row.

I would like to generate rows for these missing timestamps and fill the Y columns with blank values (no data, not zero), so that I have a continuous time series.

I'm honestly not quite sure where to start (not really used R before so learning as I go along!) but any help would be much appreciated. I have thus far installed chron and zoo, since it seems they might be useful.

Thanks!

Answer

I think the easiest thing ist to set Date first as already described, convert to zoo, and then just set a merge:

df$timestamp<-as.POSIXct(df$timestamp,format="%m/%d/%y %H:%M")

df1.zoo<-zoo(df[,-1],df[,1]) #set date to Index

df2 <- merge(df1.zoo,zoo(,seq(start(df1.zoo),end(df1.zoo),by="min")), all=TRUE)

Start and end are given from your df1 (original data) and you are setting by - e.g min - as you need for your example. all=TRUE sets all missing values at the missing dates to NAs.

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