Aryan. C Aryan. C - 1 year ago 230
Swift Question

How do I change the size of a 2x2 UICollectionView and fit the whole screen: Swift 3 Xcode 8

Hi I am creating an app which requires a grid of images. As an example I am using a 2x2 grid of images in cells of a UICollectionView. I would like to know how I could decrease the annoying space in the middle and also make them have equal widths and heights to fit the whole screen. I know that I can do this with Interface builder. However, I want to do this programmatically because as the app progresses, there will be different levels and different number of squares - possibly a 10x10 also. I am new to UICollectionViews. I have referenced to many other questions, however most are in Objective C and there few that are in Swift don't seem to work with Swift 3.

Here is my full code:

import UIKit

class GameViewController: UIViewController, UICollectionViewDataSource, UICollectionViewDelegate, UICollectionViewDelegateFlowLayout{

@IBOutlet weak var collectionView: UICollectionView!
override func viewDidLoad() {

// Do any additional setup after loading the view.
collectionView.delegate = self
collectionView.dataSource = self
let collectionViewLayout = self.collectionView.collectionViewLayout as! UICollectionViewFlowLayout
collectionViewLayout.minimumLineSpacing = 0
collectionViewLayout.minimumInteritemSpacing = 0


override func didReceiveMemoryWarning() {
// Dispose of any resources that can be recreated.

func numberOfSections(in collectionView: UICollectionView) -> Int {
return 2;
func collectionView(_ collectionView: UICollectionView, numberOfItemsInSection section: Int) -> Int {
return 2

func collectionView(_ collectionView: UICollectionView, cellForItemAt indexPath: IndexPath) -> UICollectionViewCell {
let cell = collectionView.dequeueReusableCell(withReuseIdentifier: "cell", for: indexPath)

let image = cell.viewWithTag(1) as! UIImageView
image.image = #imageLiteral(resourceName: "coffee")

return cell;

func collectionView(_collectionView: UICollectionView, layout collectionViewLayout: UICollectionViewLayout, sizeForItemAtIndexPath indexPath: NSIndexPath) -> CGSize {

return CGSize(width: self.collectionView.frame.size.width/2, height: self.collectionView.frame.size.height/2)
//this method is not getting called



I am also uploading an image of how it currently is and how I want it to be-

enter image description here

enter image description here

I hope you guys will help me- it will be very useful... Thanks!

I conformed to UICollectionViewDelegateFlowLayout and called sizeforitematindexpath but it did not work.
On adding a breakpoint I realized that the method was not getting called. So is there anything wrong I'm doing here. Also Xcode gives me this warning -
enter image description here

Answer Source

Make sure that:

  • Confirming to UICollectionViewDelegateFlowLayout.
  • collectionView's width = screen's width.
  • Min Spacing for cells is zero. You can change it from the Interface Builder (Select the collectionView -> show size inspector -> set min spacing to 0), or by implementing minimumInteritemSpacingForSectionAt returning zero.
  • If you want to fill the whole Screen height (I am asking because this is not what provided in your screenshot), collectionView's height = screen's height.

Finally, implement sizeForItemAtIndexPath method:

Note: Swift 3 code.

func collectionView(_ collectionView: UICollectionView, layout collectionViewLayout: UICollectionViewLayout, sizeForItemAt indexPath: IndexPath) -> CGSize {
    let screenSize: CGRect = UIScreen.main.bounds

    // add the required height, if you want to fill the whole screen it should be 'screenSize.height / 2'
    return CGSize(width: screenSize.width / 2, height: 100)

Hope that helped.

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