Zeinab Abbasi Zeinab Abbasi - 7 days ago 5
Python Question

How to import and use user defined classes in robot framework with python

Assume I have a class in python:

class TestClass(object):
def __init__(self, arg1, arg2):
self.arg1 = arg1
self.arg2 = arg2

def print_args(self):
print arg1, arg2


I want to use
robotframework
to implement my tests scenarios. I want to make an instance from above class and call its methods. How to do that? I know how to import the lib; it should be like this:

Library TestClass


I don't know how to initialize an object from this class and call class methods via this object. If I wanted to implement it with python, I would write some piece of code like this:

import TestClass
test = TestClass('ARG1', 'ARG2')
test.print_args()


Now, I want to know how to write this in
robotframework
. Any help?

Answer

To import the library with arguments, just add them after the library name:

Library  TestClass  ARG1  ARG2

So the "import" and the instantiation are done in one shot. Now, the thing that can be tricky is to understand the scope of your instance. This is well explained in the User Guide section "Test Library Scope":

A new instance is created for every test case. [...] This is the default.

Note that if you want to import the same library several times with different arguments, and hence have difference instances of your classes, you will have to name them on import:

Library  TestClass  ARG1  ARG2  WITH NAME  First_lib
Library  TestClass  ARG3  ARG4  WITH NAME  Second_lib

And then in your tests, you have to prefix the keywords:

*** Test Cases ***
MyTest
    First_lib.mykeyword  foo  bar
    Second_lib.mykeyword  john  doe

This is explained in this section of the User Guide.