Sander van't Veer Sander van't Veer -4 years ago 153
Android Question

How to retrieve style attributes programmatically from styles.xml

Currently I'm using either a WebView or a TextView to show some dynamic data coming from a webservice in one of my apps.
If the data contains pure text, it uses the TextView and applies a style from styles.xml.
If the data contains HTML (mostly text and images) it uses the WebView.

However, this WebView is unstyled. Therefor it looks a lot different from the usual TextView.
I've read that it's possible to style the text in a WebView simply by inserting some HTML directly into the data. This sounds easy enough, but I would like to use the data from my Styles.xml as the values required in this HTML so I won't need to change the colors et cetera on two locations if I change my styles.

So, how would I be able to do this? I've done some extensive searching but I have found no way of actually retrieving the different style attributes from your styles.xml. Am I missing something here or is it really not possible to retrieve these values?

The style I'm trying to get the data from is the following:

<style name="font4">
<item name="android:layout_width">fill_parent</item>
<item name="android:layout_height">wrap_content</item>
<item name="android:textSize">14sp</item>
<item name="android:textColor">#E3691B</item>
<item name="android:paddingLeft">5dp</item>
<item name="android:paddingRight">10dp</item>
<item name="android:layout_marginTop">10dp</item>
<item name="android:textStyle">bold</item>
</style>


I'm mainly interested in the textSize and textColor.

Answer Source

It is possible to retrieve custom styles from styles.xml programmatically.

Define some arbitrary style in styles.xml:

<style name="MyCustomStyle">
    <item name="android:textColor">#efefef</item>
    <item name="android:background">#ffffff</item>
    <item name="android:text">This is my text</item>
</style>

Now, retrieve the styles like this

// The attributes you want retrieved
int[] attrs = {android.R.attr.textColor, android.R.attr.background, android.R.attr.text};

// Parse MyCustomStyle, using Context.obtainStyledAttributes()
TypedArray ta = obtainStyledAttributes(R.style.MyCustomStyle, attrs);

// Fetch the text from your style like this.     
String text = ta.getString(2);

// Fetching the colors defined in your style
int textColor = ta.getColor(0, Color.BLACK);
int backgroundColor = ta.getColor(1, Color.BLACK);

// Do some logging to see if we have retrieved correct values
Log.i("Retrieved text:", text);
Log.i("Retrieved textColor as hex:", Integer.toHexString(textColor));
Log.i("Retrieved background as hex:", Integer.toHexString(backgroundColor));

// OH, and don't forget to recycle the TypedArray
ta.recycle()
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