repoman repoman - 1 month ago 4x
Python Question

Modify tick label text

I want to make some modifications to a few selected tick labels in a plot.

For example, if I do:

label = axes.yaxis.get_major_ticks()[2].label

the font size and the orientation of the tick label is changed.

However, if try:


the tick label is not modified. Also if I do:

print label.get_text()

nothing is printed.

Here's some more strangeness. When I tried this:

from pylab import *
axes = figure().add_subplot(111)
t = arange(0.0, 2.0, 0.01)
s = sin(2*pi*t)
axes.plot(t, s)
for ticklabel in axes.get_xticklabels():
print ticklabel.get_text()

Only empty strings are printed, but the plot contains ticks labeled as '0.0', '0.5', '1.0', '1.5', and '2.0'.


Caveat: Unless the ticklabels are already set to a string (as is usually the case in e.g. a boxplot), this will not work with any version of matplotlib newer than 1.1.0. If you're working from the current github master, this won't work. I'm not sure what the problem is yet... It may be an unintended change, or it may not be...

Normally, you'd do something along these lines:

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

fig, ax = plt.subplots()

# We need to draw the canvas, otherwise the labels won't be positioned and 
# won't have values yet.

labels = [item.get_text() for item in ax.get_xticklabels()]
labels[1] = 'Testing'


enter image description here

To understand the reason why you need to jump through so many hoops, you need to understand a bit more about how matplotlib is structured.

Matplotlib deliberately avoids doing "static" positioning of ticks, etc, unless it's explicitly told to. The assumption is that you'll want to interact with the plot, and so the bounds of the plot, ticks, ticklabels, etc will be dynamically changing.

Therefore, you can't just set the text of a given tick label. By default, it's re-set by the axis's Locator and Formatter every time the plot is drawn.

However, if the Locators and Formatters are set to be static (FixedLocator and FixedFormatter, respectively), then the tick labels stay the same.

This is what set_*ticklabels or ax.*axis.set_ticklabels does.

Hopefully that makes it slighly more clear as to why changing an individual tick label is a bit convoluted.

Often, what you actually want to do is just annotate a certain position. In that case, look into annotate, instead.