satch_boogie satch_boogie - 7 months ago 15
Python Question

how to extract string between curly braces from file

I have nagios/icinga object file with similar contents below but lots of it. How do i extract the similar objects for example only the "host objects" or "service objects" using bash or python.

define host{ ## extract including the "define host {....}"
use generic-switch
host_name bras ;
alias bras-gw.example.com;
address 20.94.66.88
hostgroups bgp;
}

define host{ ## extract including the "define host {....} define host {....} "
use generic-switch
host_name ar1 ;
alias ar1.example.com;
address 22.98.66.244
hostgroups bgp;
}

define servicegroup {
servicegroup_name Premium
alias Premium-BGP
}
define service {
host_name ar0
service_description Get-Speed- BGP-INTL dsdf34
check_command check_bgp!secreat!10.10.40.44
check_interval 1
use generic-service
notification_interval 0 ; set > 0 if you want to be re-notified
}

define service {
host_name ar10
service_description Get-Speed- BGP-INTL rrdf34
check_command check_bgp!secreat!10.10.40.77
check_interval 1
use generic-service
notification_interval 0 ; set > 0 if you want to be re-notified
check_period 24x7
notification_period 24x7
contact_groups p2p,l2,system2,admins
use generic-service
max_check_attempts 3
notification_options c,r
}


Target is to extract specific host, or service objects from the file eg.

define host{
use generic-switch
host_name ar0 ;
alias id6.example.net;
address 20.24.6.22
hostgroups bgp;
}
define host{
use generic-switch
host_name bras ;
alias bras-gw.abc.com.dp;
address 202.33.66.254
hostgroups bgp;
}
define host{
use generic-switch
host_name ar1 ;
alias ar1.abc.com;
address 20.94.66.44
hostgroups bgp;
}

Answer

If I understand correctly, you don't need servicegroup ..right?

You can use this sed command:

$ sed -nr '/.*(\bhost\b|\bservice\b).*\{/,/\}/ p' data 
define host{          ## extract including the "define host {....}"
    use             generic-switch
    host_name       bras ;
    alias           bras-gw.example.com;
    address         20.94.66.88
    hostgroups      bgp;
}
define host{    ## extract including the "define host {....} define host {....} "
    use             generic-switch
    host_name       ar1 ;
    alias           ar1.example.com;
    address         22.98.66.244
    hostgroups      bgp;
}
define service {
   host_name                ar0
   service_description      Get-Speed- BGP-INTL dsdf34
   check_command            check_bgp!secreat!10.10.40.44
   check_interval           1
   use                      generic-service
   notification_interval    0 ; set > 0 if you want to be re-notified
}
 define service {
   host_name                ar10
   service_description      Get-Speed- BGP-INTL rrdf34
   check_command            check_bgp!secreat!10.10.40.77
   check_interval           1
   use                      generic-service
   notification_interval    0 ; set > 0 if you want to be re-notified
   check_period                          24x7
           notification_period                   24x7
           contact_groups                        p2p,l2,system2,admins
           use                                   generic-service
           max_check_attempts      3
           notification_options    c,r
}
$

If you want the contents only within braces you can use this:

$ sed -nr '/.*(\bhost\b|\bservice\b).*\{/,/\}/ p' data | sed -r '/^\s*define.*\{/d;s/\}/\n/g'
    use             generic-switch
    host_name       bras ;
    alias           bras-gw.example.com;
    address         20.94.66.88
    hostgroups      bgp;


    use             generic-switch
    host_name       ar1 ;
    alias           ar1.example.com;
    address         22.98.66.244
    hostgroups      bgp;


   host_name                ar0
   service_description      Get-Speed- BGP-INTL dsdf34
   check_command            check_bgp!secreat!10.10.40.44
   check_interval           1
   use                      generic-service
   notification_interval    0 ; set > 0 if you want to be re-notified


   host_name                ar10
   service_description      Get-Speed- BGP-INTL rrdf34
   check_command            check_bgp!secreat!10.10.40.77
   check_interval           1
   use                      generic-service
   notification_interval    0 ; set > 0 if you want to be re-notified
   check_period                          24x7
           notification_period                   24x7
           contact_groups                        p2p,l2,system2,admins
           use                                   generic-service
           max_check_attempts      3
           notification_options    c,r


$