Jim421616 - 3 years ago 326

Python Question

I've plotted a curve along the width of an array, of the sum of the array columns:

`import numpy as np`

from astropy.io import fits

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

#def plot_slope(x, y):

# xs = x[1:] - x[:-1]

# ys = y[1:] - y[:-1]

# plt.plot(x[1:], ys / xs)

hdulist = fits.open('w1_subtracted_2_deg.fits')

nodisk_data, nodisk_header = hdulist[0].data, hdulist[0].header

x = range(nodisk_data.shape[1])

y = np.sum(nodisk_data, axis = 0)

xticks = [0, 183, 365, 547, 729, 912, 1095, 1277, 1459]

long_marks = [24, 18, 12, 6, 0, 354, 348, 342, 335]

ax = plt.axes()

ax.set_xticks(xticks)

ax.set_xticklabels(long_marks)

plt.plot(x, y, linewidth = 0.5, color = 'red')

#plot_slope(x, y)

plt.title('Longitudinal sum of flux density per steradian')

plt.xlabel(r'Galactic longitude, $\ell$')

plt.ylabel(r'Summed flux density per steradian, $MJ.sr^{-1}$')

plt.grid(True)

plt.show()

plt.savefig('add_cols.png')

hdulist.close()

The commented-out function is my attempt at numerically computing the derivative of the curve, but I get a

`File "C:/Users/Jeremy/Dropbox/Astro480/NEOWISE/add_cols.py", line 6, in plot_slope`

xs = x[1:] - x[:-1]

TypeError: unsupported operand type(s) for -: 'range' and 'range'

The questions here and here aren't quite what I'm trying to solve. How can I fix my little function to plot the derivative? Or is there a built-in function to do it? All of the built-ins (such as scipy.misc.derivative I've found depend on knowing the function you're differentiating.

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Answer Source

In Python v3.x `range()`

creates a range object instead of a list. Apparently range objects don't support arithmetic. Try using a numpy ndarray instead.

```
x = np.arange(nodisk_data.shape[1])
```

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