Blake Rivell Blake Rivell - 3 months ago 86
C# Question

Injecting IHttpContextAccessor into ApplicationDbContext ASP.NET Core 1.0

I am trying to figure out how to get access to the current logged in username outside of an ASP.NET Controller.

For example I am trying to do this:

Track Created and Modified fields Automatically with Entity Framework Code First

To setup tracking on entities in the

DbContext
.

Here is my
ApplicationDbContext
but I keep getting an error saying
_httpContextAccessor
is
null
:

private readonly IHttpContextAccessor _httpContextAccessor;

public ApplicationDbContext(DbContextOptions<ApplicationDbContext> options, IHttpContextAccessor httpContextAccessor)
: base(options)
{
_httpContextAccessor = httpContextAccessor;
}

Answer

Try injecting the IHttpContextAccessor Interface

You can even abstract it further by creating a service to provide just the information you want (Which is the current logged in username)

public interface IUserResolverService {
    string GetUser();
}

public class UserResolverService : IUserResolverService {
    private readonly IHttpContextAccessor accessor;
    public UserResolverService(IHttpContextAccessor accessor) {
        this.accessor = accessor;
    }

    public string GetUser() {
        var username = accessor?.HttpContext?.User?.Identity?.Name ;
        return username ?? "unknown";
    }
}

You need to setup IHttpContextAccessor now in Startup.ConfigureServices in order to be able to inject it:

services.AddSingleton<IHttpContextAccessor, HttpContextAccessor>();
services.AddTransient<IUserResolverService, UserResolverService>();

and pass that to your repository as needed to record associated username

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