Dan Dan - 3 months ago 13
AngularJS Question

Update parent component title from routed child component in Angular 2

I'm working my way through the Angular 2 documentation on routing. I have a sample application which shows two components which are routed and hooked up to navigation links. Here is a Plunker demonstrating the behaviour. It's built using Angular 2 in Typescript.

Here is the main 'app.component.ts' code:

import {Component} from 'angular2/core';
import {RouteConfig, ROUTER_DIRECTIVES} from 'angular2/router';

import {CrisisCenterComponent} from './crisis-center/crisis-center.component';
import {HeroListComponent} from './heroes/hero-list.component';
import {HeroDetailComponent} from './heroes/hero-detail.component';

import {DialogService} from './dialog.service';
import {HeroService} from './heroes/hero.service';

@Component({
selector: 'my-app',
template: `
<h1 class="title">Component Router</h1>
<nav>
<a [routerLink]="['CrisisCenter']">Crisis Center</a>
<a [routerLink]="['Heroes']">Heroes</a>
</nav>
<router-outlet></router-outlet>
`,
providers: [DialogService, HeroService],
directives: [ROUTER_DIRECTIVES]
})

@RouteConfig([

{ // Crisis Center child route
path: '/crisis-center/...',
name: 'CrisisCenter',
component: CrisisCenterComponent,
useAsDefault: true
},

{path: '/heroes', name: 'Heroes', component: HeroListComponent},
{path: '/hero/:id', name: 'HeroDetail', component: HeroDetailComponent},
{path: '/disaster', name: 'Asteroid', redirectTo: ['CrisisCenter', 'CrisisDetail', {id:3}]}
])

export class AppComponent { }


What I'm looking to do is replace the main (
<h1>
) heading 'Component Router' with the name of the 'view' that's being rendered. So when you click 'Crisis Center' the heading should say 'Crisis Center'; when you click 'Heroes' the heading should say 'Heroes'.

I don't want to move the heading into the child component templates - I want to keep it at the top of the HTML page and preferably only in one template.

Can anyone suggest the best (most Angular-docs-like) way to accomplish this?

Many thanks.

Answer

This is how I do it:

-- Firstly, create a service that will be responsible for sharing the route names between components. And create a new Subject "subjects work as an Observable and Observer at the same time"

import {Injectable} from 'angular2/core';
import {Subject} from 'rxjs/Rx';

@Injectable()
export class RouteNames{
  public name = new Subject();
}

-- Secondly, provide your service at the application level by injecting it on bootstrap:

import {RouteNames} from './route-names.service';
bootstrap(AppComponent, [ROUTER_PROVIDERS,RouteNames]);

Now, all you need to do is inject your service into app.component and into every component that will change the route name.

app.component: subscribe to RouteNames.name subject and update the variable routeName on next.

import {RouteNames} from './route-names.service';
@Component({
  selector: 'my-app',
  template: `
    <h1 class="title">{{routeName}}</h1>
    <nav>
      <a [routerLink]="['CrisisCenter']">Crisis Center</a>
      <a [routerLink]="['Heroes']">Heroes</a>
    </nav>
    <router-outlet></router-outlet>
  `,
   ...
})
@RouteConfig([
   ...
])
export class AppComponent {
  routeName = "Component Router";
  constructor(private _routeNames:RouteNames){
    this._routeNames.name.subscribe(n => this.routeName = n);
  }
}

Now, on CrisisCenter, Inject the RouteNames service and call next on RouteNames.name:

import {RouteNames} from '../route-names.service';

@Component({
  ...
})
@RouteConfig([
  ...
])
export class CrisisCenterComponent {
  constructor(private _routeNames:RouteNames){
    _routeNames.name.next('Crisis Center');
  }
}

And that is it, Here is working plunker