Aydin - 1 month ago 18x

C++ Question

I need to compare 2 pictures to find similar lines among them. In both pictures I use LSD (*Line Segments Detector*) method, then I find lines and I know coordinates of start and end points of each line.

My question is: is there any function in OpenCV to find the slope and length of each line, so that I can compare them easily?

My environment is: OpenCV 3.1, C++ and Visual Studio 2015

Answer

Well, this is a math question.

Assume you have two points: `p`

and _{1}(x_{1},y_{1})`p`

. Let's call _{2}(x_{2},y_{2})`p`

the "start" and _{1}`p`

the "end" of the line segment, as you have called the points you have._{2}

slope = (y_{2}- y_{1}) / (x_{2}- x_{1}) length = norm(p_{2}- p_{1})

Sample code:

```
cv::Point p1 = cv::Point(5,0); // "start"
cv::Point p2 = cv::Point(10,0); // "end"
// we know this is a horizontal line, then it should have
// slope = 0 and length = 5. Let's see...
// take care with division by zero caused by vertical lines
double slope = (p2.y - p1.y) / (double)(p2.x - p1.x);
// (0 - 0) / (10 - 5) -> 0/5 -> slope = 0 (that's correct, right?)
double length = cv::norm(p2 - p1);
// p_2 - p_1 = (5, 0)
// norm((0,5)) = sqrt(5^2 + 0^2) = sqrt(25) -> length = 5 (that's correct, right?)
```

Source (Stackoverflow)

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