Alex Asher Alex Asher - 29 days ago 16
Swift Question

Triangle UIView - Swift

So I'm making a game in which I am dropping objects which have to be destroyed by a spike(triangle) at the bottom of the screen by a user.

I cannot work out how to make a UIView that is a triangle. However I have been able to make it work as a rectangle like this:

let barrier = UIView(frame: CGRect(x:125, y: 650, width: 130, height:20))
barrier.backgroundColor = UIColor.orangeColor()
view.addSubview(barrier)


And this has worked. But I cannot work out how to make a triangle. The reason I want it as a UIView is because im using collisions on it and for the user to move it. I have tried a PNG triangle but it detects the collision as the border of the image not the start of the triangle.

I have tried this but it doesn't work...

let square = UIView(frame: CGPathMoveToPoint(path, nil, 50, 0), CGPathAddLineToPoint(path, nil, 100, 50), CGPathAddLineToPoint(path, nil, 0, 100))
square.backgroundColor = UIColor.purpleColor()
view.addSubview(square)


Any and all help will be appreciated,

Thanks,

Alex

Answer

Updated for Swift 3:

class TriangeView : UIView {

    override init(frame: CGRect) {
        super.init(frame: frame)
    }

    required init?(coder aDecoder: NSCoder) {
        super.init(coder: aDecoder)
    }

    override func draw(_ rect: CGRect) {

        guard let context = UIGraphicsGetCurrentContext() else { return }

        context.beginPath()
        context.move(to: CGPoint(x: rect.minX, y: rect.maxY))
        context.addLine(to: CGPoint(x: rect.maxX, y: rect.maxY))
        context.addLine(to: CGPoint(x: (rect.maxX / 2.0), y: rect.minY))
        context.closePath()

        context.setFillColor(red: 1.0, green: 0.5, blue: 0.0, alpha: 0.60)
        context.fillPath()
    }
}


Swift 2:

import UIKit

class TriangeView : UIView {

    override init(frame: CGRect) {
        super.init(frame: frame)
    }

    required init(coder aDecoder: NSCoder) {
        super.init(coder: aDecoder)
    }

    override func drawRect(rect: CGRect) {

        var ctx : CGContextRef = UIGraphicsGetCurrentContext()

        CGContextBeginPath(ctx)
        CGContextMoveToPoint(ctx, CGRectGetMinX(rect), CGRectGetMaxY(rect))
        CGContextAddLineToPoint(ctx, CGRectGetMaxX(rect), CGRectGetMaxY(rect))
        CGContextAddLineToPoint(ctx, (CGRectGetMaxX(rect)/2.0), CGRectGetMinY(rect))
        CGContextClosePath(ctx)

        CGContextSetRGBFillColor(ctx, 1.0, 0.5, 0.0, 0.60);
        CGContextFillPath(ctx);
       }
 } 

This will start from minX, MaxY;
Draw a line from the start to MaxX, MaxY;
Draw a line from MaxX,MaxY to MaxX/2, MinY;
Then close the path to the start location.

The next part sets the color you want to use. In this example 255,127,0, Alpha 0.6 Then will fill the path you just drew above with the set color.

Then in your View Controller

Swift 3:

class ViewController: UIViewController {

    override func viewDidLoad() {
        super.viewDidLoad()

        let triangle = TriangeView(frame: CGRect(x: 10, y: 20, width: 25 , height: 30))
        triangle.backgroundColor = .white
        view.addSubview(triangle)
    }

    override func didReceiveMemoryWarning() {
        super.didReceiveMemoryWarning()
    }
}


Swift 2:

class ViewController: UIViewController {

    override func viewDidLoad() {
        super.viewDidLoad()
        // Do any additional setup after loading the view, typically from a nib.

        let triangle = TriangeView(frame: CGRectMake(10, 20, 25, 30))
        triangle.backgroundColor = .whiteColor()
        view.addSubview(triangle)
    }

    override func didReceiveMemoryWarning() {
        super.didReceiveMemoryWarning()
        // Dispose of any resources that can be recreated.
    }
}

However this is going to cause the same problem as the frame of this view is still going to be a rectangle. UIKit works with rectangles, you would have to use another framework, like Sprite Kit.