Sashi Kant Sashi Kant - 2 months ago 13x
Ajax Question

Cross-origin resource sharing (CORS) concept

I have a question on the concept cross domain JavaScript.

There is server(ex where in only selected domains can use their web-service.
So definitely, if I try to use their service, from my local, I cannot.
I got this on my console

Cross-Origin Request Blocked: The Same Origin Policy disallows reading
the remote resource at
This can be fixed by moving the resource to the same domain or
enabling CORS.

PS: I used jquery cross domain way too, but didnt work.

But if some domain who is among the selected ones, to use Amazon's webservice, has a JavaScript, which if we include in our html, it works.

<script src=""></script>

They have a method to get response by Ajax.

My questions are:

  1. What happens when we refer a JavaScript file from an internet url. Do we have a local copy running on our machine?

  2. Is the httpRequest created, will have a request source as my domain or the xyz.


Important note up front: If the server at the other end doesn't enable it, there's nothing you can do in your client-side code that will allow a cross-origin ajax request.

Let me give you a background before answering your question:

Same-Origin Security Policy

Simply put, same-origin security policy makes sure that scripts from one origin may not fetch content from other origins. Now to explain you the concept of origin, let me quote part of the Wikipedia article of Same-Origin Security Policy:

The following table gives an overview of typical outcomes for checks against the URL "".

Compared URL                                             Outcome  Reason
-------------------------------------------------------  -------  ----------------------                    Success  Same protocol and host                   Success  Same protocol and host Success  Same protocol and host                 Failure  Same protocol and host but different port                   Failure  Different protocol                     Failure  Different host                        Failure  Different host (exact match required)                 Failure  Different host (exact match required)                 Depends  Port explicit. Depends on implementation in browser.

Unlike other browsers, Internet Explorer does not include the port in the calculation of the origin, using the Security Zone in its place.

So, for example, your JavaScript cannot download anything from (aka, make an HTTP request to) a web server other than the server it originated from. This is exactly why you cannot make XmlHttpRequests (aka AJAX) to other domains.

CORS is one way the server at the other end (not the client code in the browser) can relax the same-origin policy.

An Oversimplified Description about Cross Origin Resource Sharing (CORS).

The CORS standard works by adding new HTTP headers which allow servers to serve resources to permitted origin domains. Browsers support these headers and respect the restrictions they establish.

Example: Say your site is and, you have a third party API at domain, which you can access via AJAX.

And let's assume that a page from your server made a request to Normally, users browser will decline AJAX calls to any other site other than your own domain/subdomain per the Same-Origin Security Policy. But if the browser and the third party server supports CORS, following things happen:

  • Browser will send and Origin HTTP header to

  • If the third party server accepts requests from your domain, it will respond with an Access-Control-Allow-Origin HTTP header:

  • To allow all domains, third party server can send this header:

    Access-Control-Allow-Origin: *
  • If your site is not allowed, browser will throw an error.

If the client's have fairly modern browsers that support CORS, and your third party server supports CORS as well, CORS can be useful to you.

In some obsolete browsers (IE8, for instance), you have to use a Microsoft-specific XDomainRequest object instead of XMLHttpRequest to make a call that will work correctly with CORS; this outdated now, all modern browsers (including from Microsoft) handle CORS in XMLHttpRequest instead. But if you need to support obsolete browsers, this page describes it:

To make a CORS request you simply use XMLHttpRequest in Firefox 3.5+, Safari 4+ and Chrome and XDomainRequest object in IE8+. When using XMLHttpRequest object, if the browser sees that you are trying to make a cross-domain request it will seamlessly trigger CORS behaviour.

Here is a javascript function that helps you create a cross browser CORS object.

function createCORSRequest(method, url){
    var xhr = new XMLHttpRequest();
    if ("withCredentials" in xhr){
        // XHR has 'withCredentials' property only if it supports CORS, url, true);
    } else if (typeof XDomainRequest != "undefined"){ // if IE use XDR
        xhr = new XDomainRequest();, url);
    } else {
        xhr = null;
    return xhr;

Again, that's only necessary for obsolete browsers.

The above reasons are why you cannot use Amazon's web services from your script. And Amazon server will only allow downloading their JavaScript files to pages served from selected domains.

To answer your numbered questions:

    • The file will be downloaded by the browser if it is in the same origin.
    • If it is not in the same origin, the file will be downloaded if a CORS request succeeds.
    • Or otherwise, downloading the script will fail.
    • If the download succeeds, the content of the JavaScript file will be loaded to browser's memory, interpreted, and executed.
  1. See description on CORS to understand.