Mephi_stofel Mephi_stofel - 1 month ago 6
C Question

Error "No such device" in call setsockopt

everyone! I need help!
I have a code in which send multicast datagrams.
A critical piece of code:

uint32_t port;
int sockfd, err_ip;
const uint32_t sizebuff = 65535 - (20 + 8);
unsigned char *buff = (unsigned char *) malloc(sizebuff);
struct sockaddr_in servaddr, cliaddr;
struct in_addr serv_in_addr;
struct ip_mreq req;

port = str2uint16(cmdsrv->ipport);
bzero(buff, (size_t)sizebuff);
bzero(&servaddr, sizeof(servaddr));
bzero(&serv_in_addr, sizeof(serv_in_addr));
err_ip = inet_aton(cmdsrv->ipaddr, &serv_in_addr);

if(( err_ip != 0 ) && ( port != 0 )) {
servaddr.sin_family = AF_INET;
servaddr.sin_addr = serv_in_addr;
servaddr.sin_port = htons(port);
memcpy(&req.imr_multiaddr,&serv_in_addr,sizeof(req.imr_multiaddr));
req.imr_interface.s_addr = INADDR_ANY;
sockfd = socket(AF_INET, SOCK_DGRAM, IPPROTO_UDP);

if( sockfd == -1 ) {
int outerror = errno;
char *retstr = "Couldn't open socket\n";
pthread_exit(retstr);
}
else {
struct in_addr ifaddr;
ifaddr.s_addr = INADDR_ANY;
int optres3 =
setsockopt( sockfd, IPPROTO_IP, IP_MULTICAST_IF, &ifaddr,
sizeof( ifaddr ));
if( optres3 == -1 ) {
int perrno = errno;
char *retstr = "Can't set IP_MULTICAST_IF for socket\n";
printf( "Error setsockopt: ERRNO = %s\n", strerror( perrno ));
printf( "%s",retstr );
pthread_exit(retstr);
}

unsigned char ttl = 32;
int optres2 =
setsockopt( sockfd, IPPROTO_IP, IP_MULTICAST_TTL, &ttl,
sizeof( ttl ));
if( optres2 == -1 ) {
int perrno = errno;
char *retstr = "Can't set IP_MULTICAST_TTL for socket\n";
printf("Error setsockopt: ERRNO = %s\n",strerror(perrno));
printf("%s",retstr);
pthread_exit(retstr);
}

int optres =
setsockopt( sockfd, IPPROTO_IP, IP_ADD_MEMBERSHIP, &req,
sizeof( req ));
if( optres == -1 ) {
int perrno = errno;
char *retstr = "Can't join to multicast-group\n";
printf("Error setsockopt: ERRNO = %s\n",strerror(perrno));
printf("%s",retstr);
pthread_exit(retstr);
}

// Bind port with socket
uint16_t cliport;
cliaddr.sin_family = AF_INET;
cliaddr.sin_addr.s_addr = INADDR_ANY;

if( strcmp( cmdsrv->ipport, "16011" ) == 0 ) {
cliport = str2uint16("16003");
cliaddr.sin_port = htons(cliport);
}
else if( strcmp( cmdsrv->ipport, "16012" ) == 0 ) {
cliport = str2uint16("16004");
cliaddr.sin_port = htons(cliport);
}
else {
printf("Device hasn't such port");
pthread_exit(NULL);
}

int bindres =
bind( sockfd, (struct sockaddr*)&cliaddr, sizeof( cliaddr ));
if( bindres == -1 ) {
int perrno = errno;
perror("Error in bind\n");
}
// ADD 1 BYTE
data rawdata;
rawdata.desc = 23;
printf( "SIZEOF = %d\n", sizeof( *( cmdsrv->cmd )));
memcpy( &rawdata.cmd, cmdsrv->cmd, sizeof( *( cmdsrv->cmd )));
printf( "RAWDATA: desc = %d, cmd = %d\n", rawdata.desc, rawdata.cmd );

int outerror = 0;
printf( "Send command to IP:\n addr = %s, port = %d\n",
inet_ntoa( servaddr.sin_addr ), ntohs( servaddr.sin_port ));
int size = sendto( sockfd, &rawdata, sizeof( rawdata ), 0,
(struct sockaddr*)&servaddr, sizeof( servaddr ));
if( size == -1 ) {
perror("Can't send command to socket");
}
...


Sometimes program executes successfully (at this moment I have IP -
192.168.80.122
). I can capture my multicast datagram by wireshark. That's all OK.

But if I change my IP to
192.168.1.2
, I get error when is called

int optres =
setsockopt( sockfd, IPPROTO_IP, IP_ADD_MEMBERSHIP, &req,
sizeof( req ));


And I can't even capture my multicast packet. Nothing is sent.
Where's bug?

Answer

If it works for one IP but not for another, maybe this can help.

What does "IP_ADD_MEMBERSHIP: No such device" mean?

It means that the tool is trying to use multicast but the network interface doesn't support it There are two likely causes:

  • Your machine doesn't have multicast support enabled. For example, on Linux and FreeBSD it is possible to compile a kernel which doesn't support multicast.

  • You don't have a route for multicast traffic. Some systems don't add this by default, and you need to run. route add -net 224.0.0.0 netmask 224.0.0.0 eth0 (or similar). If you wish to use RAT in unicast mode only, it is possible to add the multicast route on the loopback interface.

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