harryg harryg - 17 days ago 14
PHP Question

How to create a subquery using Laravel Eloquent?

I have the following Eloquent query (This is a simplified version of a query which consists of of more

where
s and
orWhere
s hence the apparent roundabout way of going about this - the theory is what's important):

$start_date = //some date;

$prices = BenchmarkPrice::select('price_date', 'price')
->orderBy('price_date', 'ASC')
->where('ticker', $this->ticker)
->where(function($q) use ($start_date) {

// some wheres...

$q->orWhere(function($q2) use ($start_date){
$dateToCompare = BenchmarkPrice::select(DB::raw('min(price_date) as min_date'))
->where('price_date', '>=', $start_date)
->where('ticker', $this->ticker)
->pluck('min_date');

$q2->where('price_date', $dateToCompare);
});
})
->get();


As you can see I
pluck
the earliest date that occurs on or after my
start_date
. This results in a seperate query being run to get this date which is then used as a parameter in the main query. Is there a way in eloquent to embed the queries together to form a subquery and thus only 1 database call rather than 2?

Edit:

As per @Jarek's answer this is my query:

$prices = BenchmarkPrice::select('price_date', 'price')
->orderBy('price_date', 'ASC')
->where('ticker', $this->ticker)
->where(function($q) use ($start_date, $end_date, $last_day) {
if ($start_date) $q->where('price_date' ,'>=', $start_date);
if ($end_date) $q->where('price_date' ,'<=', $end_date);
if ($last_day) $q->where('price_date', DB::raw('LAST_DAY(price_date)'));

if ($start_date) $q->orWhere('price_date', '=', function($d) use ($start_date) {

// Get the earliest date on of after the start date
$d->selectRaw('min(price_date)')
->where('price_date', '>=', $start_date)
->where('ticker', $this->ticker);
});
if ($end_date) $q->orWhere('price_date', '=', function($d) use ($end_date) {

// Get the latest date on or before the end date
$d->selectRaw('max(price_date)')
->where('price_date', '<=', $end_date)
->where('ticker', $this->ticker);
});
});
$this->prices = $prices->remember($_ENV['LONG_CACHE_TIME'])->get();


The
orWhere
blocks are causing all parameters in the query to suddenly become unquoted. E.g.
WHERE
price_date
>= 2009-09-07
. When I remove the
orWheres
the query works fine. Why is this?

Answer

This is how you do a subquery where:

$q->where('price_date', function($q) use ($start_date)
{
   $q->from('benchmarks_table_name')
    ->selectRaw('min(price_date)')
    ->where('price_date', '>=', $start_date)
    ->where('ticker', $this->ticker);
});

Unfortunately orWhere requires explicitly provided $operator, otherwise it will raise an error, so in your case:

$q->orWhere('price_date', '=', function($q) use ($start_date)
{
   $q->from('benchmarks_table_name')
    ->selectRaw('min(price_date)')
    ->where('price_date', '>=', $start_date)
    ->where('ticker', $this->ticker);
});

EDIT: You need to specify from in the closure in fact, otherwise it will not build correct query.

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