Kurt Peek Kurt Peek - 1 year ago 111
Python Question

What is the best way to raise request errors?

I'm reading some source code which raises errors for bad requests in the following way:

import requests

response = requests.get("www.google.com") # This won't work because it's missing the http://
if response.ok is False or response.json()['status'] != 'success':
raise Exception("API error: {}".format(response.json()['message']))

I was thinking that the last two lines could be replaced with


I actually don't see any difference in the error returned. In both cases it is

Traceback (most recent call last):
File "/home/kurt/Documents/Scratch/requests_test.py", line 3, in <module>
response = requests.get("www.google.com") # This won't work because it's missing the http://
File "/home/kurt/.local/lib/python2.7/site-packages/requests/api.py", line 69, in get
return request('get', url, params=params, **kwargs)
File "/home/kurt/.local/lib/python2.7/site-packages/requests/api.py", line 50, in request
response = session.request(method=method, url=url, **kwargs)
File "/home/kurt/.local/lib/python2.7/site-packages/requests/sessions.py", line 451, in request
prep = self.prepare_request(req)
File "/home/kurt/.local/lib/python2.7/site-packages/requests/sessions.py", line 382, in prepare_request
hooks=merge_hooks(request.hooks, self.hooks),
File "/home/kurt/.local/lib/python2.7/site-packages/requests/models.py", line 304, in prepare
self.prepare_url(url, params)
File "/home/kurt/.local/lib/python2.7/site-packages/requests/models.py", line 362, in prepare_url
to_native_string(url, 'utf8')))
requests.exceptions.MissingSchema: Invalid URL 'www.google.com': No schema supplied. Perhaps you meant http://www.google.com?

It seems to me that
is more succinct and perhaps also doesn't lose information on the original exception (cf. Use of "except Exception" vs. "except ... raise" in Python). Would this indeed be a better approach?

Answer Source

response.raise_for_status() only raises an exception if the response status code is not a 200 response. The second case, where response.json()['status'] != 'success' is true, is not covered.

You have a different error, however. You never get to the if test, because the exception is raised by the requests.get() call. You failed to pass in a schema (no http:// or https:// at the start). Because the exception is raised in the requests.get() expression, the next line is simply never executed. No request is even sent, so you can't make any assertions about the response either.

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