Vaibhav Garg Vaibhav Garg - 1 year ago 321
Objective-C Question

Error with NSJSONSerialization - Invalid type in JSON write (Menu)

I have an App using core data with 3 entities with very similar attributes. The relationship is such as:

Branch ->> Menu ->> Category ->> FoodItem

Each entity has an associated class: example

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I am trying to generate JSON representation of the data in sqlite database.

//gets a single menu record which has some categories and each of these have some food items
id obj = [NSArray arrayWithObject:[[DataStore singleton] getHomeMenu]];

NSError *err;
NSData *jsonData = [NSJSONSerialization dataWithJSONObject:obj options:NSJSONWritingPrettyPrinted error:&err];

NSLog(@"JSON = %@", [[NSString alloc] initWithData:jsonData encoding:NSUTF8StringEncoding]);

But instead of JSON, i get a SIGABRT error.

*** Terminating app due to uncaught exception 'NSInvalidArgumentException', reason: 'Invalid type in JSON write (Menu)'

Any ideas how to fix it or how to make the entity classes (Branch, Menu etc) JSON serialization compatible?

Answer Source

That's because your "Menu" class is not serializable in JSON. Bascially the language doesn't know how your object should be represented in JSON (which fields to include, how to represent references to other objects...)

From the NSJSONSerialization Class Reference

An object that may be converted to JSON must have the following properties:

  • The top level object is an NSArray or NSDictionary.
  • All objects are instances of NSString, NSNumber, NSArray, NSDictionary, or NSNull.
  • All dictionary keys are instances of NSString.
  • Numbers are not NaN or infinity.

This means that the language knows how to serialize dictionaries. So a simple way to get a JSON representation from your menu is to provide a Dictionary representation of your Menu instances, which you will then serialize into JSON:

- (NSDictionary *)dictionaryFromMenu:(Menu)menu {
    [NSDictionary dictionaryWithObjectsAndKeys:[menu.dateUpdated description],@"dateUpdated",
    menu.categoryId, @"categoryId",
    //... add all the Menu properties you want to include here

And you could will use it like this :

NSDictionary *menuDictionary = [self dictionaryFromMenu:[[DataStore singleton] getHomeMenu]]; 

NSError *err;
NSData *jsonData = [NSJSONSerialization dataWithJSONObject:menuDictionary options:NSJSONWritingPrettyPrinted error:&err];

NSLog(@"JSON = %@", [[NSString alloc] initWithData:jsonData encoding:NSUTF8StringEncoding]);