llewmills - 4 months ago 27

LaTeX Question

I am writing rmarkdown pdf documents with equations (using mac, knitr, pdf-latex). The problem I have is that rmarkdown is automatically creating a large blank gap of 2-3 lines between the preceding text and the equation. How do I get rid of this gap?

Sample rmarkdown doc below.

`---`

title: "No More Gaps"

author: "Llew Mills"

date: "16th of September 2016"

output: pdf_document

header-includes:

- \setlength{\mathindent}{0pt}

linestretch: 1.3

toc: yes

classoption: fleqn

---

Some text to illustrate the gap. I still want there to be a decent line spacing between lines of text, but I would like a much smaller gap between the equations and the preceding text.

\begingroup\Large

\begin{align*}

Y_{ij} &= \pi_{0i} + \pi_{1i}TIME_{ij} + \pi_{2i}(0) + \varepsilon_{ij}\\

&= \pi_{0i} + \pi_{1i}TIME_{ij} + \varepsilon_{ij}

\end{align*}

\endgroup

Can anyone help with this problem?

Answer

There are two options here. The **first** is just to use `\vspace`

as I pointed out in my comment. The **second one** is to use `\abovedisplayskip`

. For details on how this (and the sibling commands) works, I can refer you to Remove vertical space around align.

```
---
title: "Spacing"
output: pdf_document
header-includes:
- \usepackage{amsmath}
- \usepackage{lipsum}
---
\setlength{\abovedisplayskip}{-15pt}
\setlength{\belowdisplayskip}{0pt}
\setlength{\abovedisplayshortskip}{0pt}
\setlength{\belowdisplayshortskip}{0pt}
\lipsum*[3]
\begin{align*}
A\cap B & = \{b,d,e\} \cap \{a,b,f,g\} \\
& = \{b\}
\end{align*}
\lipsum[3]
```