Suppose I have a column vector y with length n, and I have a matrix X of size n*m. I want to check for each element i in y, whether the element is in the corresponding row in X. What is the most efficient way of doing this?
For example:
y = [1,2,3,4].T
X =[[1, 2, 3],[3, 4, 5],[4, 3, 2],[2, 2, 2]]
Vectorized approach using broadcasting

((X == y[:,None]).any(1)).astype(int)
Sample run 
In [41]: X # Input 1
Out[41]:
array([[1, 2, 3],
[3, 4, 5],
[4, 3, 2],
[2, 2, 2]])
In [42]: y # Input 2
Out[42]: array([1, 2, 3, 4])
In [43]: X == y[:,None] # Broadcasted comparison
Out[43]:
array([[ True, False, False],
[False, False, False],
[False, True, False],
[False, False, False]], dtype=bool)
In [44]: (X == y[:,None]).any(1) # Check for any match along each row
Out[44]: array([ True, False, True, False], dtype=bool)
In [45]: ((X == y[:,None]).any(1)).astype(int) # Convert to 1s and 0s
Out[45]: array([1, 0, 1, 0])