allbto allbto - 7 months ago 60
Swift Question

How to create generic closures in Swift

I would like to create a function that uses generic closure (block) in swift.

My first attempt was to do like :

func saveWithCompletionObject(obj : AnyObject, success : AnyObject -> Void, failure : Void -> Void)


But as soon as I call this function with another block, such as :

func doSomething(success : String -> Void, failure : Void -> Void)
{
saveWithCompletionObject("Example", success, failure)
}


I get an error :
'AnyObject' is not a subtype of 'String'


Thanks in advance !

Answer

You cannot pass a closure of type String->Void to a parameter of type AnyObject->Void.

However, you can define a generic function:

func saveWithCompletionObject<T>(obj : T, success : T -> Void, failure : Void -> Void) {
    // ...
    success(obj)
}

Now the compiler can verify that obj has the same type as the parameter of success, for example:

func doSomething(success : String -> Void, failure : Void -> Void)
{
    saveWithCompletionObject("Example", success, failure)
}

func doSomethingElse(success : Int -> Void, failure : Void -> Void)
{
    saveWithCompletionObject(13, success, failure)
}

But I would recommend that saveWithCompletionObject just takes a Void->Void parameter (without generics):

func saveWithCompletionObject(success : Void -> Void, failure : Void -> Void) {
    // ...
    success()
}

and the caller wraps its closure:

func doSomething(success : String -> Void, failure : Void -> Void)
{
    saveWithCompletionObject( { success("Example") } , failure)
}

func doSomethingElse(success : Int -> Void, failure : Void -> Void)
{
    saveWithCompletionObject( { success(13) }, failure)
}

This is more flexible, e.g. for callback functions with more than one parameter:

func andNowForSomethingCompletelyDifferent(success : (Int, Double) -> Void, failure : Void -> Void)
{
    saveWithCompletionObject( { success(13, M_PI) }, failure)
}
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