wiwo wiwo - 2 months ago 18
HTTP Question

ESP8266 WiFiClient simple HTTP GET

I'm working on simple problem of reading a webpage using ESP8266 and ESP8266WiFi library.

I changed only a few lines in example and don't know whats the problem. Thats my code:

include <ESP8266WiFi.h>

const char* ssid = "WiwoNET";
const char* password = "xxxxxxx";

const char* host = "https://pure-caverns-1350.herokuapp.com";

void setup() {
Serial.begin(115200);
delay(10);

// We start by connecting to a WiFi network

Serial.println();
Serial.println();
Serial.print("Connecting to ");
Serial.println(ssid);

WiFi.begin(ssid, password);

while (WiFi.status() != WL_CONNECTED) {
delay(500);
Serial.print(".");
}

Serial.println("");
Serial.println("WiFi connected");
Serial.println("IP address: ");
Serial.println(WiFi.localIP());
}

int value = 0;

void loop() {
delay(5000);
++value;

Serial.print("connecting to ");
Serial.println(host);

// Use WiFiClient class to create TCP connections
WiFiClient client;
const int httpPort = 80;
if (!client.connect(host, httpPort)) {
Serial.println("connection failed");
return;
}

// We now create a URI for the request
String url = "/stan";

Serial.print("Requesting URL: ");
Serial.println(url);

// This will send the request to the server
client.print(String("GET ") + url + " HTTP/1.1\r\n" +
"Host: " + host + "\r\n" +
"Connection: close\r\n\r\n");
delay(10);

// Read all the lines of the reply from server and print them to Serial
Serial.println("Respond:");
while(client.available()){
String line = client.readStringUntil('\r');
Serial.print(line);
}

Serial.println();
Serial.println("closing connection");
}


And what I see in serial monitor is:

Connecting to WiwoNET
.......
WiFi connected
IP address:
192.168.0.111
connecting to https://pure-caverns-1350.herokuapp.com
Requesting URL: /stan
Informacja zwrotna:
HTTP/1.1 400 Bad Request
Connection: close
Server: Cowboy
Date: Thu, 03 Dec 2015 23:38:59 GMT
Content-Length: 0


closing connection


I was looking at heroku's logs and nothing is showing there.
Thank you in advance for any kind of help.

Answer

You must have been following the example here: https://github.com/esp8266/Arduino/blob/master/libraries/ESP8266WiFi/examples/WiFiClient/WiFiClient.ino

There's one crucial piece you missed, though. The host value must not be prepended with a scheme in URI-style such as http:// or https://. Look at the example again and use

const char* host = "pure-caverns-1350.herokuapp.com";

instead.

You can see very well what's going on under the hood of HTTP if run curl -v http://pure-caverns-1350.herokuapp.com/stan in your console.

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