Sumit Bijvani Sumit Bijvani - 16 days ago 8
HTML Question

Set custom HTML5 required field validation message

Required field custom validation



I have one form with many input fields. I have put html5 validations

<input type="text" name="topicName" id="topicName" required />


when I submit the form without filling this textbox it shows default message like

"Please fill out this field"


can anyone please help me to edit this message?

I have a javascript code to edit it but its not working

$(document).ready(function() {
var elements = document.getElementsByName("topicName");
for (var i = 0; i < elements.length; i++) {
elements[i].oninvalid = function(e) {
e.target.setCustomValidity("");
if (!e.target.validity.valid) {
e.target.setCustomValidity("Please enter Room Topic Title");
}
};
elements[i].oninput = function(e) {
e.target.setCustomValidity("");
};
}
})





Email custom validations



I have following HTML form

<form id="myform">
<input id="email" name="email" type="email" />
<input type="submit" />
</form>



Validation messages I want like..

Required field : Please Enter Email Address

Wrong Email : 'testing@.com' is not a Valid Email Address. (here, entered email address displayed in textbox)

I have tried this..

function check(input) {
if(input.validity.typeMismatch){
input.setCustomValidity("'" + input.value + "' is not a Valid Email Address.");
}
else {
input.setCustomValidity("");
}
}


This function not working properly, Do you have any other way to do this? it would be appreciable.

Answer

Code snippet

Since this answer got very much attention, here is a nice configurable snippet I came up with:

/**
  * @author ComFreek <http://stackoverflow.com/users/603003/comfreek>
  * @link http://stackoverflow.com/a/16069817/603003
  * @license MIT 2013-2015 ComFreek
  * @license[dual licensed] CC BY-SA 3.0 2013-2015 ComFreek
  * You MUST retain this license header!
  */
(function (exports) {
    function valOrFunction(val, ctx, args) {
        if (typeof val == "function") {
            return val.apply(ctx, args);
        } else {
            return val;
        }
    }

    function InvalidInputHelper(input, options) {
        input.setCustomValidity(valOrFunction(options.defaultText, window, [input]));

        function changeOrInput() {
            if (input.value == "") {
                input.setCustomValidity(valOrFunction(options.emptyText, window, [input]));
            } else {
                input.setCustomValidity("");
            }
        }

        function invalid() {
            if (input.value == "") {
                input.setCustomValidity(valOrFunction(options.emptyText, window, [input]));
            } else {
               input.setCustomValidity(valOrFunction(options.invalidText, window, [input]));
            }
        }

        input.addEventListener("change", changeOrInput);
        input.addEventListener("input", changeOrInput);
        input.addEventListener("invalid", invalid);
    }
    exports.InvalidInputHelper = InvalidInputHelper;
})(window);

Usage

jsFiddle

<input id="email" type="email" required="required" />
InvalidInputHelper(document.getElementById("email"), {
  defaultText: "Please enter an email address!",

  emptyText: "Please enter an email address!",

  invalidText: function (input) {
    return 'The email address "' + input.value + '" is invalid!';
  }
});

More details

  • defaultText is displayed initially
  • emptyText is displayed when the input is empty (was cleared)
  • invalidText is displayed when the input is marked as invalid by the browser (for example when it's not a valid email address)

You can either assign a string or a function to each of the three properties.
If you assign a function, it can accept a reference to the input element (DOM node) and it must return a string which is then displayed as the error message.

Compatibility

Tested in:

  • Chrome Canary 47.0.2
  • IE 11
  • Microsoft Edge (using the up-to-date version as of 28/08/2015)
  • Firefox 40.0.3
  • Opera 31.0

Old answer

You can see the old revision here: http://stackoverflow.com/revisions/16069817/6