Sumit Bijvani Sumit Bijvani - 11 months ago 132
HTML Question

Set custom HTML5 required field validation message

Required field custom validation



I have one form with many input fields. I have put html5 validations

<input type="text" name="topicName" id="topicName" required />


when I submit the form without filling this textbox it shows default message like

"Please fill out this field"


can anyone please help me to edit this message?

I have a javascript code to edit it but its not working

$(document).ready(function() {
var elements = document.getElementsByName("topicName");
for (var i = 0; i < elements.length; i++) {
elements[i].oninvalid = function(e) {
e.target.setCustomValidity("");
if (!e.target.validity.valid) {
e.target.setCustomValidity("Please enter Room Topic Title");
}
};
elements[i].oninput = function(e) {
e.target.setCustomValidity("");
};
}
})





Email custom validations



I have following HTML form

<form id="myform">
<input id="email" name="email" type="email" />
<input type="submit" />
</form>



Validation messages I want like..

Required field : Please Enter Email Address

Wrong Email : 'testing@.com' is not a Valid Email Address. (here, entered email address displayed in textbox)

I have tried this..

function check(input) {
if(input.validity.typeMismatch){
input.setCustomValidity("'" + input.value + "' is not a Valid Email Address.");
}
else {
input.setCustomValidity("");
}
}


This function not working properly, Do you have any other way to do this? it would be appreciable.

Answer Source

Code snippet

Since this answer got very much attention, here is a nice configurable snippet I came up with:

/**
  * @author ComFreek <http://stackoverflow.com/users/603003/comfreek>
  * @link http://stackoverflow.com/a/16069817/603003
  * @license MIT 2013-2015 ComFreek
  * @license[dual licensed] CC BY-SA 3.0 2013-2015 ComFreek
  * You MUST retain this license header!
  */
(function (exports) {
    function valOrFunction(val, ctx, args) {
        if (typeof val == "function") {
            return val.apply(ctx, args);
        } else {
            return val;
        }
    }

    function InvalidInputHelper(input, options) {
        input.setCustomValidity(valOrFunction(options.defaultText, window, [input]));

        function changeOrInput() {
            if (input.value == "") {
                input.setCustomValidity(valOrFunction(options.emptyText, window, [input]));
            } else {
                input.setCustomValidity("");
            }
        }

        function invalid() {
            if (input.value == "") {
                input.setCustomValidity(valOrFunction(options.emptyText, window, [input]));
            } else {
               input.setCustomValidity(valOrFunction(options.invalidText, window, [input]));
            }
        }

        input.addEventListener("change", changeOrInput);
        input.addEventListener("input", changeOrInput);
        input.addEventListener("invalid", invalid);
    }
    exports.InvalidInputHelper = InvalidInputHelper;
})(window);

Usage

jsFiddle

<input id="email" type="email" required="required" />
InvalidInputHelper(document.getElementById("email"), {
  defaultText: "Please enter an email address!",

  emptyText: "Please enter an email address!",

  invalidText: function (input) {
    return 'The email address "' + input.value + '" is invalid!';
  }
});

More details

  • defaultText is displayed initially
  • emptyText is displayed when the input is empty (was cleared)
  • invalidText is displayed when the input is marked as invalid by the browser (for example when it's not a valid email address)

You can either assign a string or a function to each of the three properties.
If you assign a function, it can accept a reference to the input element (DOM node) and it must return a string which is then displayed as the error message.

Compatibility

Tested in:

  • Chrome Canary 47.0.2
  • IE 11
  • Microsoft Edge (using the up-to-date version as of 28/08/2015)
  • Firefox 40.0.3
  • Opera 31.0

Old answer

You can see the old revision here: http://stackoverflow.com/revisions/16069817/6