darkpool darkpool - 4 months ago 39
Python Question

Select dataframe rows between two dates

I am creating a dataframe from a csv as follows:

stock = pd.read_csv('data_in/' + filename + '.csv', skipinitialspace=True)


The dataframe has a date column. Is there a way to create a new dataframe (or just overwrite the existing one) which only containes rows that fall between a specific date range?

Answer

There are two possible solutions:

  • Use a boolean mask, then use df.loc[mask]
  • Set the date column as a DatetimeIndex, then use df[start_date : end_date]

Using a boolean mask:

Ensure df['date'] is a Series with dtype datetime64[ns]:

df['date'] = pd.to_datetime(df['date'])  

Make a boolean mask. start_date and end_date can be datetime.datetimes, np.datetime64s, pd.Timestamps, or even datetime strings:

mask = (df['date'] > start_date) & (df['date'] <= end_date)

Select the sub-DataFrame:

df.loc[mask]

or re-assign to df

df = df.loc[mask]

For example,

import numpy as np
import pandas as pd

df = pd.DataFrame(np.random.random((200,3)))
df['date'] = pd.date_range('2000-1-1', periods=200, freq='D')
mask = (df['date'] > '2000-6-1') & (df['date'] <= '2000-6-10')
print(df.loc[mask])

yields

            0         1         2       date
153  0.208875  0.727656  0.037787 2000-06-02
154  0.750800  0.776498  0.237716 2000-06-03
155  0.812008  0.127338  0.397240 2000-06-04
156  0.639937  0.207359  0.533527 2000-06-05
157  0.416998  0.845658  0.872826 2000-06-06
158  0.440069  0.338690  0.847545 2000-06-07
159  0.202354  0.624833  0.740254 2000-06-08
160  0.465746  0.080888  0.155452 2000-06-09
161  0.858232  0.190321  0.432574 2000-06-10

Using a DatetimeIndex:

If you are going to do a lot of selections by date, it may be quicker to set the date column as the index first. Then you can select rows by date using df[start_date : end_date].

import numpy as np
import pandas as pd

df = pd.DataFrame(np.random.random((200,3)))
df['date'] = pd.date_range('2000-1-1', periods=200, freq='D')
df = df.set_index(['date'])
print(df.loc['2000-6-1':'2000-6-10'])

yields

                   0         1         2
date                                    
2000-06-01  0.040457  0.326594  0.492136    # <- includes start_date
2000-06-02  0.279323  0.877446  0.464523
2000-06-03  0.328068  0.837669  0.608559
2000-06-04  0.107959  0.678297  0.517435
2000-06-05  0.131555  0.418380  0.025725
2000-06-06  0.999961  0.619517  0.206108
2000-06-07  0.129270  0.024533  0.154769
2000-06-08  0.441010  0.741781  0.470402
2000-06-09  0.682101  0.375660  0.009916
2000-06-10  0.754488  0.352293  0.339337

Some caveats:

  • When using df[start_date : end_date] both end-points are included in result.
  • Unlike the boolean mask solution, the start_date and end_date must be dates in the DatetimeIndex.

Also note that pd.read_csv has a parse_dates parameter which you could use to parse the date column as datetime64s. Thus, if you use parse_dates, you would not need to use df['date'] = pd.to_datetime(df['date']).