Dave Dave - 5 months ago 41
SQL Question

How to use multiple WITH statements in one PostgreSQL query?

I would like to "declare" what are effectively multiple TEMP tables using the WITH statement.
The query I am trying to execute is along the lines of:

WITH table_1 AS (
SELECT GENERATE_SERIES('2012-06-29', '2012-07-03', '1 day'::INTERVAL) AS date
)

WITH table_2 AS (
SELECT GENERATE_SERIES('2012-06-30', '2012-07-13', '1 day'::INTERVAL) AS date
)

SELECT * FROM table_1
WHERE date IN table_2


I've read PostgreSQL documentation and researched into using multiple
WITH
statements and was unable to find an answer.

Answer

Per the other comments the second Common Table Expression [CTE] is preceded by a comma not a WITH statement so

WITH cte1 AS (SELECT...)
, cte2 AS (SELECT...)
SELECT *
FROM
    cte1.....

In terms of your actual query this syntax should work in PostgreSql, Oracle, and sql-server, well the later typically you will proceed WITH with a semicolon but that is because typically sql-server folkes (myself included) don't end previous statements which need to be ended prior to a CTE being defined...

Note however that you had a second syntax issue in regards to your WHERE statement. WHERE date IN table_2 is not valid because you never actually reference a value/column from table_2. I prefer INNER JOIN over IN or Exists so here is a syntax that should work with a JOIN:

WITH table_1 AS (
SELECT GENERATE_SERIES('2012-06-29', '2012-07-03', '1 day'::INTERVAL) AS date
)

, table_2 AS (
SELECT GENERATE_SERIES('2012-06-30', '2012-07-13', '1 day'::INTERVAL) AS date
)

SELECT * 
FROM
     table_1 t1
     INNER JOIN 
     table_2 t2
     ON t1.date = t2.date
;

If you want to keep the way you had it which typically EXISTS would be better than IN but to to use IN you need an actual SELECT statement in your where.

SELECT * 
FROM
     table_1 t1
WHERE t1.date IN (SELECT date FROM table_2);

IN is very problematic with date could potentially be NULL so if you don't want to use a JOIN then I would suggest exists. AS follows:

SELECT * 
FROM
     table_1 t1
WHERE EXISTS (SELECT * FROM table_2 t2 WHERE t2.date = t1.date);
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