Winterflags Winterflags - 2 months ago 40
Python Question

Download file from Blob URL with Python

I wish to have my Python script download the Master data (Download, XLSX) Excel file from this Frankfurt stock exchange webpage.

When to retrieve it with

urrlib
and
wget
, it turns out that the URL leads to a Blob and the file downloaded is only 289 bytes and unreadable.


http://www.xetra.com/blob/1193366/b2f210876702b8e08e40b8ecb769a02e/data/All-tradable-ETFs-ETCs-and-ETNs.xlsx


I'm entirely unfamiliar with Blobs and have these questions:


  • Can the file "behind the Blob" be successfully retrieved using Python?

  • If so, is it necessary to uncover the "true" URL behind the Blob – if there is such a thing – and how? My concern here is that the link above won't be static but actually change often.


Answer

That 289 byte long thing might be a HTML code for 403 forbidden page. This happen because the server is smart and rejects if your code does not specify a user agent.

Python 3

# python3
import urllib.request as request

url = 'http://www.xetra.com/blob/1193366/b2f210876702b8e08e40b8ecb769a02e/data/All-tradable-ETFs-ETCs-and-ETNs.xlsx'
# fake user agent of Safari
fake_useragent = 'Mozilla/5.0 (iPad; CPU OS 6_0 like Mac OS X) AppleWebKit/536.26 (KHTML, like Gecko) Version/6.0 Mobile/10A5355d Safari/8536.25'
r = request.Request(url, headers={'User-Agent': fake_useragent})
f = request.urlopen(r)

# print or write
print(f.read())

Python 2

# python2
import urllib2

url = 'http://www.xetra.com/blob/1193366/b2f210876702b8e08e40b8ecb769a02e/data/All-tradable-ETFs-ETCs-and-ETNs.xlsx'
# fake user agent of safari
fake_useragent = 'Mozilla/5.0 (iPad; CPU OS 6_0 like Mac OS X) AppleWebKit/536.26 (KHTML, like Gecko) Version/6.0 Mobile/10A5355d Safari/8536.25'

r = urllib2.Request(url, headers={'User-Agent': fake_useragent})
f = urllib2.urlopen(r)

print(f.read())