Amol Ghotankar Amol Ghotankar - 7 months ago 31
Java Question

How to determine whether a request is Ajax or Normal?

I want to handle errors differently for AJAX requests vs normal requests.

How do I identify whether a request is AJAX or not in Struts2 actions ?

Answer

You should check if the Request Header X-Requested-With is present and equals to XMLHttpRequest.

Note that not all the AJAX requests have this header, for example Struts2 Dojo requests don't send it; if you instead are generating AJAX calls with Struts2-jQuery (or with any other new AJAX framework), it is there.

You can check if it's present by using Firebug's Net module... for example, when you vote on Stack Overflow ;)

To check it from within a Struts2 Action, you need to implement the ServletRequestAware interface, then get the Request and check if that particular header is there like this:

public class MyAction extends ActionSupport implements ServletRequestAware {
   private HttpServletRequest request;

   public void setRequest(HttpServletRequest request) {
      this.request = request;
   }

   public HttpServletRequest getRequest() {
      return this.request;
   }

   public String execute() throws Exception{
      boolean ajax = "XMLHttpRequest".equals(
                      getRequest().getHeader("X-Requested-With"));
      if (ajax)
         log.debug("This is an AJAX request");
      else 
         log.debug("This is an ordinary request");

      return SUCCESS;
   }  
}

Note that you can obtain the request via ActionContext too, without implementing the ServletRequestAware interface, but it is not the recommended way:

HttpServletRequest request = ServletActionContext.getRequest();
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