Les Hazlewood Les Hazlewood - 1 year ago 165
JSON Question

When using Spring MVC for REST, how do you enable Jackson to pretty-print rendered JSON?

While developing REST services using Spring MVC, I would like render JSON 'pretty printed' in development but normal (reduced whitespace) in production.

Answer Source

I had an answer when I posted this question, but I thought I'd post it anyway in case there are better alternative solutions. Here was my experience:

First thing's first. The MappingJacksonHttpMessageConverter expects you to inject a Jackson ObjectMapper instance and perform Jackson configuration on that instance (and not through a Spring class).

I thought it would be as easy as doing this:

Create an ObjectMapperFactoryBean implementation that allows me to customize the ObjectMapper instance that can be injected into the MappingJacksonHttpMessageConverter. For example:

<bean id="jacksonHttpMessageConverter" class="org.springframework.http.converter.json.MappingJacksonHttpMessageConverter">
    <property name="objectMapper">
        <bean class="com.foo.my.ObjectMapperFactoryBean">
            <property name="prettyPrint" value="${json.prettyPrint}"/>

And then, in my ObjectMapperFactoryBean implementation, I could do this (as has been documented as a solution elsewhere on SO):

ObjectMapper mapper = new ObjectMapper();
mapper.configure(SerializationConfig.Feature.INDENT_OUTPUT, isPrettyPrint());
return mapper;

But it didn't work. And trying to figure out why is a nightmare. It is a major test of patience to figure Jackson out. Looking at its source code only confuses you further as it uses outdated and obtuse forms of configuration (integer bitmasks for turning on/off features? Are you kidding me?)

I essentially had to re-write Spring's MappingJacksonHttpMessageConverter from scratch, and override its writeInternal implementation to be the following:

protected void writeInternal(Object o, HttpOutputMessage outputMessage)
        throws IOException, HttpMessageNotWritableException {

    JsonEncoding encoding = getEncoding(outputMessage.getHeaders().getContentType());
    JsonGenerator jsonGenerator =
            getObjectMapper().getJsonFactory().createJsonGenerator(outputMessage.getBody(), encoding);
    try {
        if (this.prefixJson) {
            jsonGenerator.writeRaw("{} && ");
        if (isPrettyPrint()) {
        getObjectMapper().writeValue(jsonGenerator, o);
    catch (JsonGenerationException ex) {
        throw new HttpMessageNotWritableException("Could not write JSON: " + ex.getMessage(), ex);

The only thing I added to the existing implementation is the following block:

if (isPrettyPrint()) {

isPrettyPrint() is just a JavaBeans compatible getter w/ matching setter that I added to my MappingJacksonHttpMessageConverter subclass.

Only after jumping through these hoops was I able to turn on or off pretty printing based on my ${json.prettyPrint} value (that is set as a property depending on how the app is deployed).

I hope this helps someone out in the future!

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