danronmoon danronmoon - 1 year ago 108
Javascript Question

How to create Javascript constants as properties of objects using const keyword?

How come constants cannot be set as properties of objects which are variables themselves?

const a = 'constant' // all is well
// set constant property of variable object
const window.b = 'constant' // throws Exception
// OR
var App = {}; // want to be able to extend
const App.goldenRatio= 1.6180339887 // throws Exception

And how come constants passed by reference suddenly become variable?
EDIT: I know App won't (or rather... SHOULDN'T) be mutable; this is just an observation...

(function() {
const App;
// bunch of code
window.com_namespace = App;
window.com_namespace; // App
window.com_namespace = 'something else';
window.com_namespace; // 'something else'

How can a nicely organized, extensible, object-oriented, singly namespaced library containing constants be made with these limitations?

EDIT: I believe zi42, but I just have to ask why

Answer Source

You cannot do it with constants. The only possible way to do something that behaves like you want, but is not using constants, is to define a non-writable property:

var obj = {};
Object.defineProperty( obj, "MY_FAKE_CONSTANT", {
  writable: false,
  enumerable: true,
  configurable: true

Regarding your question as to why a const passed to a function becomes variable, the answer is because it's passed by value and not by reference. The function is getting a new variable that has the same value as your constant.

edit: thanks to @pst for noting that objects literals in javascript are not actually "passed by reference", but using call-by-sharing:

Although this term has widespread usage in the Python community, identical semantics in other languages such as Java and Visual Basic are often described as call-by-value, where the value is implied to be a reference to the object.

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