Jp Reddy Jp Reddy -4 years ago 130
Python Question

Printing colors on screen in Python

I want to print a color on the screen using RGB values as in the output should be just a single color. If I give RGB values of red, I want the output to show me red color of certain dimension. But when I try this code,
it isn't working. What am I missing?

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
plt.imshow([(255, 0, 0)])
plt.show()


The output is:plot output

Also, can you explain what the figure represents here?

Answer Source

The issue is that you are trying to display a 2D color array with 1 row and 3 columns. The pixel values from left to right are 255, 0and 0. As @Ben K. correctly pointed out in the comments, by doing so the intensity values are scaled to the range 0..1 and displayed using the current colormap. That's why your code displays one yellow pixel and two violet pixels.

If you wish to specify the RGB values you should create a 3D array of m rows, n columns and 3 color channels (one chromatic channel for each RGB component).

Demo

The snippet below generates a random array of indices of a color palette and displays the result:

In [14]: import numpy as np

In [15]: import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

In [16]: from skimage import io

In [17]: palette = np.array([[255,   0,   0], # index 0: red
    ...:                     [  0, 255,   0], # index 1: green
    ...:                     [  0,   0, 255], # index 2: blue
    ...:                     [255, 255, 255], # index 3: white
    ...:                     [  0,   0,   0], # index 4: black
    ...:                     [255, 255,   0], # index 5: yellow
    ...:                     ], dtype=np.uint8)
    ...: 

In [18]: m, n = 4, 6

In [19]: indices = np.random.randint(0, len(palette), size=(4, 6))

In [20]: indices
Out[20]: 
array([[2, 4, 0, 1, 4, 2],
       [1, 1, 5, 5, 2, 0],
       [4, 4, 3, 3, 0, 4],
       [2, 5, 0, 5, 2, 3]])

In [21]: io.imshow(palette[indices])
Out[21]: <matplotlib.image.AxesImage at 0xdbb8ac8>

color pixels

You could also generate a random color pattern rather than using a color palette:

In [24]: random = np.uint8(np.random.randint(0, 255, size=(m, n, 3)))

In [24]: random
Out[27]: 
array([[[137,  40,  84],
        [ 42, 142,  25],
        [ 48, 240,  90],
        [ 22,  27, 205],
        [253, 130,  22],
        [137,  33, 252]],

       [[144,  67, 156],
        [155, 208, 130],
        [187, 243, 200],
        [ 88, 171, 116],
        [ 51,  15, 157],
        [ 39,  64, 235]],

       [[ 76,  56, 135],
        [ 20,  38,  46],
        [216,   4, 102],
        [142,  60, 118],
        [ 93, 222, 117],
        [ 53, 138,  39]],

       [[246,  88,  20],
        [219, 114, 172],
        [208,  76, 247],
        [  1, 163,  65],
        [ 76,  83,   8],
        [191,  46,  53]]], dtype=uint8)

In [26]: io.imshow(random)
Out[26]: <matplotlib.image.AxesImage at 0xe6c6a90>

random color pattern

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