Simon Simon - 2 months ago 14
iOS Question

How do I create a UITabBarController with a custom UITabBar class without using IB?

I can create a

UINavigationController
with custom bar classes by using
initWithNavigationBarClass:toolbarClass:
. There doesn't seem to be an equivalent for
UITabBarController
, so how do I get it to use a custom
UITabBar
class?

Every solution I've seen so far is unsuitable because either


  1. It uses IB

  2. It adds a second tab bar to the
    UITabBarController
    instead of changing its existing one, or

  3. It throws
    UITabBarController
    away and makes a new controller class.



I want a real
UITabBarController
created in code using a custom class for its tab bar. How do I achieve this?

Answer

This is surprisingly hard! The best I've come up with is subclassing UITabBarController and then doing this in the init:

super.init(nibName: nil, bundle: nil)

object_setClass(self.tabBar, CustomTabBar.self)
(self.tabBar as? CustomTabBar)?.setup()

Unfortunately you can't set the class before the call to super.init (not in Swift anyway), and so by the time you change the class the init method has already been run and so won't be called on your custom subclass. To get around this, I've just added a setup() method to do all my customisation in.

Another option in Swift is to extend UITabBar and do something like this:

extension UITabBar {

    open override func willMove(toSuperview newSuperview: UIView?) {
        super.willMove(toSuperview: newSuperview)
        /// Customise in here.
    }

    // Modify the height.
    open override func sizeThatFits(_ size: CGSize) -> CGSize {
        return CGSize(width: size.width, height: 64.0)
    }
}

However this will affect all instances of UITabBar, so I prefer the first option.

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