Are there any guidelines/standards about how to document the code written in XCode..? I mean, is there a way to document the code if you want to make it easily understandable to others? Does XCode provide an instrument that can be used to automatically produce documentation like the API reference docs from your code+comments?
At least I'm interested in understanding if there is a standard way of writing comments before interfaces/protocols/methods defined in your code.. I've seen using directives like the following one, but I did not understand how they work:
#pragma mark -
#pragma mark Initialization
You can merge those two lines in one:
#pragma mark - Initialization. Click on the method list (up, right) and you'll see a bold header with a line. It's just a marker to group methods in sections.
The Coding Guidelines link posted by Derek above is a must read.
If you want to produce Apple-like documentation you have to use this excellent and free third party tool: http://www.gentlebytes.com/appledoc/ Apple doesn't provide you with anything close to that.
Pragmas are a ISO C feature to pass hints to the compiler.
The only pragma addition in XCode (AFAIK) is
- and/or text. This creates a line and/or bold text in the method finder.
// Mark a section in your code with a line and a bold text. // You can use the line or the text alone. #pragma mark - random text
If you are editing files on languages which don't compile with GCC, you still can use mark on comments (this works for GCC languages too):
// MARK: - random text /* MARK: more random text */
But I use #pragma mark because my color theme has pragmas in red and they stand out better than comments. If you want a pragma code snippet binded to a hotkey, use
#pragma mark - <#Description#>
so you can tab jump to the description text.
More about pragmas: