Tim Ferguson Tim Ferguson - 3 years ago 217
React JSX Question

CSS not loaded in production with React and Webpack

So while everything is fine in development, when I deploy to production, I have a lot of missing css. It seems that it is mostly where css was an import in a React component. I've done a lot of searching here and still at a loss. Is there a problem in the config? I have no errors on network tab in Chrome developer tools when looking at the app.

Here is my webpack.config.prod.js

// @remove-on-eject-begin
* Copyright (c) 2015-present, Facebook, Inc.
* All rights reserved.
* This source code is licensed under the BSD-style license found in the
* LICENSE file in the root directory of this source tree. An additional grant
* of patent rights can be found in the PATENTS file in the same directory.
// @remove-on-eject-end
'use strict';

const autoprefixer = require('autoprefixer');
const path = require('path');
const webpack = require('webpack');
const HtmlWebpackPlugin = require('html-webpack-plugin');
const ExtractTextPlugin = require('extract-text-webpack-plugin');
const ManifestPlugin = require('webpack-manifest-plugin');
const InterpolateHtmlPlugin = require('react-dev-utils/InterpolateHtmlPlugin');
const SWPrecacheWebpackPlugin = require('sw-precache-webpack-plugin');
const eslintFormatter = require('react-dev-utils/eslintFormatter');
const ModuleScopePlugin = require('react-dev-utils/ModuleScopePlugin');
const paths = require('./paths');
const getClientEnvironment = require('./env');

// Webpack uses `publicPath` to determine where the app is being served from.
// It requires a trailing slash, or the file assets will get an incorrect path.
const publicPath = paths.servedPath;
// Some apps do not use client-side routing with pushState.
// For these, "homepage" can be set to "." to enable relative asset paths.
const shouldUseRelativeAssetPaths = publicPath === './';
// `publicUrl` is just like `publicPath`, but we will provide it to our app
// as %PUBLIC_URL% in `index.html` and `process.env.PUBLIC_URL` in JavaScript.
// Omit trailing slash as %PUBLIC_URL%/xyz looks better than %PUBLIC_URL%xyz.
const publicUrl = publicPath.slice(0, -1);
// Get environment variables to inject into our app.
const env = getClientEnvironment(publicUrl);
console.log('env: ', env);
console.log('publicPath: ', publicPath);
console.log('publirUrl: ', publicUrl);
// Assert this just to be safe.
// Development builds of React are slow and not intended for production.
if (env.stringified['process.env'].NODE_ENV !== '"production"') {
throw new Error('Production builds must have NODE_ENV=production.');

// Note: defined here because it will be used more than once.
const cssFilename = 'static/css/[name].[contenthash:8].css';

// ExtractTextPlugin expects the build output to be flat.
// (See https://github.com/webpack-contrib/extract-text-webpack-plugin/issues/27)
// However, our output is structured with css, js and media folders.
// To have this structure working with relative paths, we have to use custom options.
const extractTextPluginOptions = shouldUseRelativeAssetPaths
? // Making sure that the publicPath goes back to to build folder.
{ publicPath: Array(cssFilename.split('/').length).join('../') }
: {};

// This is the production configuration.
// It compiles slowly and is focused on producing a fast and minimal bundle.
// The development configuration is different and lives in a separate file.
module.exports = {
// Don't attempt to continue if there are any errors.
bail: true,
// We generate sourcemaps in production. This is slow but gives good results.
// You can exclude the *.map files from the build during deployment.
devtool: 'source-map',
// In production, we only want to load the polyfills and the app code.
entry: [require.resolve('./polyfills'), paths.appIndexJs],
output: {
// The build folder.
path: paths.appBuild,
// Generated JS file names (with nested folders).
// There will be one main bundle, and one file per asynchronous chunk.
// We don't currently advertise code splitting but Webpack supports it.
filename: 'static/js/[name].[chunkhash:8].js',
chunkFilename: 'static/js/[name].[chunkhash:8].chunk.js',
// We inferred the "public path" (such as / or /my-project) from homepage.
publicPath: publicPath,
// Point sourcemap entries to original disk location
devtoolModuleFilenameTemplate: info =>
path.relative(paths.appSrc, info.absoluteResourcePath),
resolve: {
// This allows you to set a fallback for where Webpack should look for modules.
// We placed these paths second because we want `node_modules` to "win"
// if there are any conflicts. This matches Node resolution mechanism.
// https://github.com/facebookincubator/create-react-app/issues/253
modules: ['node_modules', paths.appNodeModules].concat(
// It is guaranteed to exist because we tweak it in `env.js`
// These are the reasonable defaults supported by the Node ecosystem.
// We also include JSX as a common component filename extension to support
// some tools, although we do not recommend using it, see:
// https://github.com/facebookincubator/create-react-app/issues/290
extensions: ['.js', '.json', '.jsx'],
alias: {
// @remove-on-eject-begin
// Resolve Babel runtime relative to react-scripts.
// It usually still works on npm 3 without this but it would be
// unfortunate to rely on, as react-scripts could be symlinked,
// and thus babel-runtime might not be resolvable from the source.
'babel-runtime': path.dirname(
// @remove-on-eject-end
// Support React Native Web
// https://www.smashingmagazine.com/2016/08/a-glimpse-into-the-future-with-react-native-for-web/
'react-native': 'react-native-web',
plugins: [
// Prevents users from importing files from outside of src/ (or node_modules/).
// This often causes confusion because we only process files within src/ with babel.
// To fix this, we prevent you from importing files out of src/ -- if you'd like to,
// please link the files into your node_modules/ and let module-resolution kick in.
// Make sure your source files are compiled, as they will not be processed in any way.
new ModuleScopePlugin(paths.appSrc),
module: {
strictExportPresence: true,
rules: [
// TODO: Disable require.ensure as it's not a standard language feature.
// We are waiting for https://github.com/facebookincubator/create-react-app/issues/2176.
// { parser: { requireEnsure: false } },

// First, run the linter.
// It's important to do this before Babel processes the JS.
test: /\.(js|jsx)$/,
enforce: 'pre',
use: [
options: {
formatter: eslintFormatter,
// @remove-on-eject-begin
// TODO: consider separate config for production,
// e.g. to enable no-console and no-debugger only in production.
baseConfig: {
extends: [require.resolve('eslint-config-react-app')],
ignore: false,
useEslintrc: false,
// @remove-on-eject-end
loader: require.resolve('eslint-loader'),
include: paths.appSrc,
// The "file" loader handles all assets unless explicitly excluded.
// The `exclude` list *must* be updated with every change to loader extensions.
// When adding a new loader, you must add its `test`
// as a new entry in the `exclude` list in the "file" loader.

// "file" loader makes sure those assets end up in the `build` folder.
// When you `import` an asset, you get its filename.
exclude: [
loader: require.resolve('file-loader'),
options: {
name: 'static/media/[name].[hash:8].[ext]',
// "url" loader works just like "file" loader but it also embeds
// assets smaller than specified size as data URLs to avoid requests.
test: [/\.bmp$/, /\.gif$/, /\.jpe?g$/, /\.png$/],
loader: require.resolve('url-loader'),
options: {
limit: 10000,
name: 'static/media/[name].[hash:8].[ext]',
// Process JS with Babel.
test: /\.(js|jsx)$/,
include: paths.appSrc,
loader: require.resolve('babel-loader'),
// @remove-on-eject-begin
options: {
babelrc: false,
presets: [require.resolve('babel-preset-react-app')],
// @remove-on-eject-end
// The notation here is somewhat confusing.
// "postcss" loader applies autoprefixer to our CSS.
// "css" loader resolves paths in CSS and adds assets as dependencies.
// "style" loader normally turns CSS into JS modules injecting <style>,
// but unlike in development configuration, we do something different.
// `ExtractTextPlugin` first applies the "postcss" and "css" loaders
// (second argument), then grabs the result CSS and puts it into a
// separate file in our build process. This way we actually ship
// a single CSS file in production instead of JS code injecting <style>
// tags. If you use code splitting, however, any async bundles will still
// use the "style" loader inside the async code so CSS from them won't be
// in the main CSS file.
test: /\.css$/,
loader: ExtractTextPlugin.extract(
fallback: require.resolve('style-loader'),
use: [
loader: require.resolve('css-loader'),
options: {
importLoaders: 1,
minimize: true,
sourceMap: true,
loader: require.resolve('postcss-loader'),
options: {
ident: 'postcss', // https://webpack.js.org/guides/migrating/#complex-options
plugins: () => [
browsers: [
'last 4 versions',
'Firefox ESR',
'not ie < 9', // React doesn't support IE8 anyway
flexbox: 'no-2009',
// Note: this won't work without `new ExtractTextPlugin()` in `plugins`.
// ** STOP ** Are you adding a new loader?
// Remember to add the new extension(s) to the "file" loader exclusion list.
plugins: [
// Makes some environment variables available in index.html.
// The public URL is available as %PUBLIC_URL% in index.html, e.g.:
// <link rel="shortcut icon" href="%PUBLIC_URL%/favicon.ico">
// In production, it will be an empty string unless you specify "homepage"
// in `package.json`, in which case it will be the pathname of that URL.
new InterpolateHtmlPlugin(env.raw),
// Generates an `index.html` file with the <script> injected.
new HtmlWebpackPlugin({
inject: true,
template: paths.appHtml,
minify: {
removeComments: true,
collapseWhitespace: true,
removeRedundantAttributes: true,
useShortDoctype: true,
removeEmptyAttributes: true,
removeStyleLinkTypeAttributes: true,
keepClosingSlash: true,
minifyJS: true,
minifyCSS: true,
minifyURLs: true,
// Makes some environment variables available to the JS code, for example:
// if (process.env.NODE_ENV === 'production') { ... }. See `./env.js`.
// It is absolutely essential that NODE_ENV was set to production here.
// Otherwise React will be compiled in the very slow development mode.
new webpack.DefinePlugin(env.stringified),
// Minify the code.
new webpack.optimize.UglifyJsPlugin({
compress: {
warnings: false,
// Disabled because of an issue with Uglify breaking seemingly valid code:
// https://github.com/facebookincubator/create-react-app/issues/2376
// Pending further investigation:
// https://github.com/mishoo/UglifyJS2/issues/2011
comparisons: false,
output: {
comments: false,
sourceMap: true,
// Note: this won't work without ExtractTextPlugin.extract(..) in `loaders`.
new ExtractTextPlugin({
filename: cssFilename,
// Generate a manifest file which contains a mapping of all asset filenames
// to their corresponding output file so that tools can pick it up without
// having to parse `index.html`.
new ManifestPlugin({
fileName: 'asset-manifest.json',
// Generate a service worker script that will precache, and keep up to date,
// the HTML & assets that are part of the Webpack build.
new SWPrecacheWebpackPlugin({
// By default, a cache-busting query parameter is appended to requests
// used to populate the caches, to ensure the responses are fresh.
// If a URL is already hashed by Webpack, then there is no concern
// about it being stale, and the cache-busting can be skipped.
dontCacheBustUrlsMatching: /\.\w{8}\./,
filename: 'service-worker.js',
logger(message) {
if (message.indexOf('Total precache size is') === 0) {
// This message occurs for every build and is a bit too noisy.
minify: true,
// For unknown URLs, fallback to the index page
navigateFallback: publicUrl + '/index.html',
// Ignores URLs starting from /__ (useful for Firebase):
// https://github.com/facebookincubator/create-react-app/issues/2237#issuecomment-302693219
navigateFallbackWhitelist: [/^(?!\/__).*/],
// Don't precache sourcemaps (they're large) and build asset manifest:
staticFileGlobsIgnorePatterns: [/\.map$/, /asset-manifest\.json$/],
// Work around Windows path issue in SWPrecacheWebpackPlugin:
// https://github.com/facebookincubator/create-react-app/issues/2235
stripPrefix: paths.appBuild.replace(/\\/g, '/') + '/',
// Moment.js is an extremely popular library that bundles large locale files
// by default due to how Webpack interprets its code. This is a practical
// solution that requires the user to opt into importing specific locales.
// https://github.com/jmblog/how-to-optimize-momentjs-with-webpack
// You can remove this if you don't use Moment.js:
new webpack.IgnorePlugin(/^\.\/locale$/, /moment$/),
// Some libraries import Node modules but don't use them in the browser.
// Tell Webpack to provide empty mocks for them so importing them works.
node: {
fs: 'empty',
net: 'empty',
tls: 'empty',

Answer Source

In production, your CSS will be extracted to a separate file. So in production, you must include it in your HTML file

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