Gudmundur Gudmundur - 4 months ago 42
jQuery Question

Submit form after selecting items from multiple dropdown lists - JavaScript

Here is my HTML

<form action="processForm.html" method="post">
<label for="InputOne">Input One</label>
<select id="InputOne">
<option val="1">Item</option>
<option val="2">Item</option>
<option val="3">Item</option>
<option val="4">Item</option>
</select>

<label for="InputTwo">Input Two</label>
<select id="InputTwo">
<option val="1">Item</option>
<option val="2">Item</option>
<option val="3">Item</option>
<option val="4">Item</option>
</select>

<input type="submit" value="Submit">
</form>


How do I enable the user to select from multiple dropdown lists and then hit a Submit button? I found this answer How to submit form on change of dropdown list?. It's close, but I don't think it's what I want. This will submit after a single dropdown list.

Answer

The short answer

<form id="my-form" method="post">

    <select name="first-list" multiple="multiple" size="10">
        <option value="0"></option>
        <option value="1">first</option>
        <option value="2">second</option>
        <option value="3">third</option>
    </select>

    <select name="second-list" multiple="multiple" size="10">
        <option value="0"></option>
        <option value="1">first</option>
        <option value="2">second</option>
        <option value="3">third</option>
    </select>

    <!-- use this for client-side processing -->
    <input type="button" name="button" value="submit" />

    <!-- use this for server-side processing -->
    <input type="submit" name="submit" value="submit" />

</form>

EDIT

//  
// Collecting selected items from one or more multiple select-lists 
//
window.onload = function(){
    document.getElementById("button").onclick = function(){
    var lists = document.getElementsByTagName('SELECT'), chosen = [], temp = [], list = {}, i, j; 
    for(i = 0; i < lists.length; i++) {
        list = lists[i];
        temp = [];
        for(j = 0; j < list.length; j++) {
          if(list[j].selected) temp.push(list[j].value);  
        }
        chosen.push(temp);
    }
    console.log(JSON.stringify(chosen));
    // you will have JSON like this [["1","4","5"],["6","7"]]
};

Now, you have a JSON object ready to send on your server. If you have any doubts how to do it, check my previous answer on topic how to send and receive JSON data with JavaScript using POST and GET method.

And check the working fiddle.