wgrathwohl wgrathwohl - 1 year ago 703
Python Question

Implementing batch normalization with tensorflow

I am trying to implement a batch normalization layer in tensorflow. I am having am having no problem running the train step of this using tf.moments to get the mean and variance. For test time, I'd like to set up an exponential moving average to track the mean and variance. I am trying to do it like this:

def batch_normalized_linear_layer(state_below, scope_name, n_inputs, n_outputs, stddev, wd, eps=.0001):
with tf.variable_scope(scope_name) as scope:
weight = _variable_with_weight_decay(
"weights", shape=[n_inputs, n_outputs],
stddev=stddev, wd=wd
act = tf.matmul(state_below, weight)
# get moments
act_mean, act_variance = tf.nn.moments(act, [0])
# get mean and variance variables
mean = _variable_on_cpu('bn_mean', [n_outputs], tf.constant_initializer(0.0))
variance = _variable_on_cpu('bn_variance', [n_outputs], tf.constant_initializer(1.0))
# assign the moments
assign_mean = mean.assign(act_mean)
assign_variance = variance.assign(act_variance)

act_bn = tf.mul((act - mean), tf.rsqrt(variance + eps), name=scope.name+"_bn")

beta = _variable_on_cpu("beta", [n_outputs], tf.constant_initializer(0.0))
gamma = _variable_on_cpu("gamma", [n_outputs], tf.constant_initializer(1.0))
bn = tf.add(tf.mul(act_bn, gamma), beta)
output = tf.nn.relu(bn, name=scope.name)
return output, mean, variance

Where _variable_on_cpu is defined as:

def _variable_on_cpu(name, shape, initializer):
"""Helper to create a Variable stored on CPU memory.

name: name of the variable
shape: list of ints
initializer: initializer for Variable

Variable Tensor
with tf.device('/cpu:0'):
var = tf.get_variable(name, shape, initializer=initializer)
return var

I believe that I am setting

assign_mean = mean.assign(act_mean)
assign_variance = variance.assign(act_variance)

Incorrectly, but I am not sure how. When I use tensorboard to track these mean and variance variables, they are just flat that their initialized values.

dga dga
Answer Source

Rafal's comment gets at the core of the problem: You're not running the assign nodes. You might try using the batchnorm helper I posted in another answer - How could I use Batch Normalization in tensorflow? - or you can force the assign to happen by adding with_dependencies, as he suggests.

The general principle is that you should only count on a node being run if data or control dependencies flow "through" it. with_dependencies ensures that before the output op is used, the specified dependencies will have completed.

Recommended from our users: Dynamic Network Monitoring from WhatsUp Gold from IPSwitch. Free Download