Willem Willem - 1 month ago 14
C# Question

How to create a thread/Task with a continuous loop?

I am looking for the correct way/structure to create a loop in a

Thread/Task
...

The reason for this is, i need to check the DB every 15sec for report requests.

This is what i tried so far, but i get
OutOfMemoryException
:

private void ViewBase_Loaded(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
{
//On my main view loaded start thread to check report requests.
Task.Factory.StartNew(() => CreateAndStartReportRequestTask());
}

private void CreateAndStartReportRequestTask()
{
bool noRequest = false;

do
{
//Starting thread to Check Report Requests And Generate Reports
//Also need the ability to Wait/Sleep when there are noRequest.
reportRequestTask = Task.Factory.StartNew(() => noRequest = CheckReportRequestsAndGenerateReports());

if (noRequest)
{
//Sleep 15sec
reportRequestTask.Wait(15000);
reportRequestTask = null;
}
else
{
if (reportRequestTask.IsCompleted)
{
reportRequestTask = null;
}
else
{
//Don't want the loop to continue until the first request is done
//Reason for this is, losts of new threads being create in CheckReportRequestsAndGenerateReports()
//Looping until first request is done.
do
{

} while (!reportRequestTask.IsCompleted);

reportRequestTask = null;
}
}

} while (true);
}

private bool CheckReportRequestsAndGenerateReports()
{
var possibleReportRequest = //Some linq query to check for new requests

if (possibleReportRequest != null)
{
//Processing report here - lots of new threads/task in here as well
return false;
}
else
{
return true;
}
}


What am i doing wrong?

Is this correct way or am i total off?

EDIT:

Most important, my UI must still be responsive!

Answer

Sounds like you want something like this. Please correct me if I am misinterpretting your intentions...

First, in your kick-off, set as a long running task so it doesn't consume a thread from the thread pool but creates a new one...

private void ViewBase_Loaded(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
{
    // store this references as a private member, call Cancel() on it if UI wants to stop
    _cancelationTokenSource = new CancellationTokenSource();
    new Task(() => CreateAndStartReportRequestTask(), _cancelationTokenSource.Token, TaskCreationOptions.LongRunning).Start();
}

Then, in your report watching thread, loop until IsCancelRequested has been set. If there is no work, just wait on the cancel token for 15 seconds (this way if cancelled will wake sooner).

private bool CheckReportRequestsAndGenerateReports()
{
    while (!_cancellationTokenSource.Token.IsCancelRequested) 
    {
        var possibleReportRequest = //Some linq query
        var reportRequestTask = Task.Factory.StartNew(() => noRequest = CheckReportRequestsAndGenerateReports(), _cancellationTokenSource.Token);

        if (noRequest)
        {
            // it looks like if no request, you want to sleep 15 seconds, right?
            // so we'll wait to see if cancelled in next 15 seconds.
            _cancellationTokenSource.Token.WaitHandle.WaitOne(15000);

        }
        else
        {
            // otherwise, you just want to wait till the task is completed, right?
            reportRequestTask.Wait(_cancellationTokenSource.Token);
        }
    }
}

I'd also be wary of having your task kick off more tasks. I have a feeling you are spinning up so many you're consuming too many resources. I think the main reason your program was failing was that you had:

     if (noRequest)
     {
         reportRequestTask.Wait(15000);
         reportRequestTask = null;
     }

This will return immediately and not wait 15s, because the thread is already complete at this point. Switching it to the cancel token (or a Thread.Sleep(), but then you can't abort it as easily) will give you the processing wait you need.

Hope this helps, let me know if i'm off on my assumptions.