Mako212 Mako212 - 3 years ago 94
R Question

R: Gather repeated columns

Sample data:

df1 <- structure(list(Name = structure(c(3L, 2L, 1L), .Label = c("Bob",
"Joe", "Mike"), class = "factor"), Location = structure(c(1L,
1L, 2L), .Label = c("CA", "WA"), class = "factor"), Title = structure(c(2L,
3L, 1L), .Label = c("CEO", "Manager", "VP"), class = "factor"),
Class = structure(c(1L, 2L, 2L), .Label = c("Class1", "Class2"
), class = "factor"), Month = c(1, 2, 3), Class.1 = structure(c(3L,
2L, 1L), .Label = c("Class1", "Class2", "Class4"), class = "factor"),
Month.1 = c(3, 3, 2), Objective = structure(1:3, .Label = c("Obj1",
"Obj2", "Obj3"), class = "factor"), Month.2 = c(2, 7, 7),
Category = c("x", "y", "z"), Objective.1 = structure(c(3L,
2L, 1L), .Label = c("Obj1", "Obj7", "Obj9"), class = "factor"),
Month.3 = c(4, 5, 5), Category2 = c("z", "r", "q")), .Names = c("Name",
"Location", "Title", "Class", "Month", "Class.1", "Month.1",
"Objective", "Month.2", "Category", "Objective.1", "Month.3",
"Category2"), class = "data.frame", row.names = c(NA, -3L))

Name Location Title Class Month Class.1 Month.1 Objective Month.2 Category Objective.1 Month.3 Category2
1 Mike CA Manager Class1 1 Class4 3 Obj1 2 x Obj9 4 z
2 Joe CA VP Class2 2 Class2 3 Obj2 7 y Obj7 5 r
3 Bob WA CEO Class2 3 Class1 2 Obj3 7 z Obj1 5 q

I want to gather into the form with one row per observation:

Name Location Title Variable(Class/Objective) Value

I've tried some of the similar examples on stack using
, etc., but I can't figure out how to keep the Class-Month and Objective-Month groups together.

In my real data set, there are 100 columns with 8 ID columns. And instead of just Class-Month, or Objective-Month pairs, the first half of the columns are in groups of four, and the second half are in groups of 8. An example of a group of four would be Class-Month-Cost-Date.

Sample output for Mike:

Name Location Title Variable Value Value.2
1 Mike CA Manager Class1 1 <NA>
2 Mike CA Manager Class4 3 <NA>
3 Mike CA Manager Obj1 2 x
4 Mike CA Manager Obj9 4 z

Answer Source

Repeated values are fine, but you'll need to specify which ones group together (in the example, "Class" and "Objective") to get the OP's output:

  meas = patterns("Class|Objective", "Month", "Category")

    Name Location   Title variable value1 value2 value3
 1:  Bob       WA     CEO        1 Class2      3      z
 2:  Bob       WA     CEO        2 Class1      2      q
 3:  Bob       WA     CEO        3   Obj3      7     NA
 4:  Bob       WA     CEO        4   Obj1      5     NA
 5:  Joe       CA      VP        1 Class2      2      y
 6:  Joe       CA      VP        2 Class2      3      r
 7:  Joe       CA      VP        3   Obj2      7     NA
 8:  Joe       CA      VP        4   Obj7      5     NA
 9: Mike       CA Manager        1 Class1      1      x
10: Mike       CA Manager        2 Class4      3      z
11: Mike       CA Manager        3   Obj1      2     NA
12: Mike       CA Manager        4   Obj9      4     NA

It won't matter if you have identically repeating column names or use check.names=TRUE to disambiguate since patterns just matches patterns in the names. See ?regex for more on how to specify patterns if needed.

Other arguments to melt (see ? can be used to give customized names to the columns in the result (instead of "value1", "value2", ...).

Recommended from our users: Dynamic Network Monitoring from WhatsUp Gold from IPSwitch. Free Download