grafthez grafthez - 4 months ago 26
Java Question

difference between scope "import" and "pom" type dependency

Starting from 2.0.9 there is possibility to include

<type>pom</type>
<scope>import</scope>


in dependencyManagement section. As I understand it will be "replaced" with dependencies included in this pom as if they were originally defined here.

What is the difference between solution above and simple dependency to this pom without import scope (I saw the latter being called "dependencies grouping")? Is the only difference that such "grouped" dependencies have lower priority while resolving dependencies precendence?

DB5 DB5
Answer

You can only import managed dependencies. This means you can only import other POMs into the dependencyManagement section of your project's POM. i.e.

...
<dependencyManagement>
    <dependencies>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>other.pom.group.id</groupId>
            <artifactId>other-pom-artifact-id</artifactId>
            <version>SNAPSHOT</version>
            <scope>import</scope>
            <type>pom</type>
        </dependency>   
    </dependencies>
</dependencyManagement>
...

What then happens is that all the dependencies defined in the dependencyManagement section of the other-pom-artifact-id are included in your POM's dependencyManagement section. You can then reference these dependencies in the dependency section of your POM (and all of its child POMs) without having to include a version etc.

However if in your POM you simply define a normal dependency to other-pom-artifact-id then all dependencies from the dependency section of the other-pom-artifact-id are included transitively in your project - however the dependencies defined in the dependencyManagement section of the other-pom-artifact-id are not included at all.

So basically the two different mechanisms are used for importing/including the two different types of dependencies (managed dependencies and normal dependencies).

There is a good page on the maven website, which can explain this far better than I can, Dependency Management in Maven and it also contains specific information on importing dependencies.