Marko Marko - 5 months ago 661
iOS Question

How to set cell spacing and UICollectionView - UICollectionViewFlowLayout size ratio?

I'm trying to add

UICollectionView
to
ViewController
, and I need to have 3 cells 'per row' without blank space between cells (it should look like a grid). Cell width should be one third of screen size, so I thought that the
layout.item
width should be the same. But then I get this:

layout.itemSize width = screenSize.width/3

If I reduce that size (by 7 or 8 pixels e.g.), it's better, but the third cell in row is not completely visible, and I still have that blank space (top & bottom, and left & right) .

enter image description here

class ViewController: UIViewController, UICollectionViewDelegateFlowLayout, UICollectionViewDataSource {
var collectionView: UICollectionView?
var screenSize: CGRect!
var screenWidth: CGFloat!
var screenHeight: CGFloat!

override func viewDidLoad() {
super.viewDidLoad()

screenSize = UIScreen.mainScreen().bounds
screenWidth = screenSize.width
screenHeight = screenSize.height

// Do any additional setup after loading the view, typically from a nib
let layout: UICollectionViewFlowLayout = UICollectionViewFlowLayout()
layout.sectionInset = UIEdgeInsets(top: 20, left: 0, bottom: 10, right: 0)
layout.itemSize = CGSize(width: screenWidth / 3, height: screenWidth / 3)
collectionView = UICollectionView(frame: self.view.frame, collectionViewLayout: layout)
collectionView!.dataSource = self
collectionView!.delegate = self
collectionView!.registerClass(CollectionViewCell.self, forCellWithReuseIdentifier: "CollectionViewCell")
collectionView!.backgroundColor = UIColor.greenColor()
self.view.addSubview(collectionView!)
}

func numberOfSectionsInCollectionView(collectionView: UICollectionView) -> Int {
return 1
}

func collectionView(collectionView: UICollectionView, numberOfItemsInSection section: Int) -> Int {
return 20
}

func collectionView(collectionView: UICollectionView, cellForItemAtIndexPath indexPath: NSIndexPath) -> UICollectionViewCell {
let cell = collectionView.dequeueReusableCellWithReuseIdentifier("CollectionViewCell", forIndexPath: indexPath) as CollectionViewCell
cell.backgroundColor = UIColor.whiteColor()
cell.layer.borderColor = UIColor.blackColor().CGColor
cell.layer.borderWidth = 0.5
cell.frame.size.width = screenWidth / 3
cell.frame.size.height = screenWidth / 3

cell.textLabel?.text = "\(indexPath.section):\(indexPath.row)"
return cell
}

override func didReceiveMemoryWarning() {
super.didReceiveMemoryWarning()
// Dispose of any resources that can be recreated.
}
}

Answer

Add these 2 lines

layout.minimumInteritemSpacing = 0
layout.minimumLineSpacing = 0

So you have:

   // Do any additional setup after loading the view, typically from a nib.
        let layout: UICollectionViewFlowLayout = UICollectionViewFlowLayout()
        layout.sectionInset = UIEdgeInsets(top: 20, left: 0, bottom: 10, right: 0)
        layout.itemSize = CGSize(width: screenWidth/3, height: screenWidth/3)
        layout.minimumInteritemSpacing = 0
        layout.minimumLineSpacing = 0

        // (note, it's critical to actually set the layout to that!!)
        collectionView!.collectionViewLayout = layout

That will remove all the spaces and give you a grid layout:

enter image description here

If you want the first column to have a width equal to the screen width then add the following function:

func collectionView(collectionView: UICollectionView, layout collectionViewLayout: UICollectionViewLayout, sizeForItemAtIndexPath indexPath: NSIndexPath) -> CGSize {
    if indexPath.row == 0
    {
        return CGSize(width: screenWidth, height: screenWidth/3)
    }
    return CGSize(width: screenWidth/3, height: screenWidth/3);

}

Grid layout will now look like (I've also added a blue background to first cell): enter image description here