I have a MySQL DB on a computer, and the same MySQL DB on a different server. I need them to be exactly the same in term of structure and contained data and I've come to the point where the only way I can do that is by truncating one table and then inserting into it all the rows of the other (exactly the same) table.
I want this to happen through a MySQL query and not by making backups and then importing it, not by database migrations or such, but by a query, because I plan using this query in a VB project and use it whenever there is a change in any of the two tables.
I know that if the tables where on the same server the query would have been as follows:
INSERT INTO db.table1 SELECT * FROM db.table2
INSERT INTO db.table1 SELECT * FROM (ServerName/IP).db.table2
You can setup federated tables, which is basically linking a table on one server to a table on another. Then use the federation to do your data transfers.
First, you must have a table on the remote server that you want to access by using a FEDERATED table. Suppose that the remote table is in the federated database and is defined like this:
CREATE TABLE test_table ( id INT(20) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT, name VARCHAR(32) NOT NULL DEFAULT '', other INT(20) NOT NULL DEFAULT '0', PRIMARY KEY (id), INDEX name (name), INDEX other_key (other) ) ENGINE=MyISAM DEFAULT CHARSET=latin1;
Next, create a FEDERATED table on the local server for accessing the remote table:
CREATE TABLE federated_table ( id INT(20) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT, name VARCHAR(32) NOT NULL DEFAULT '', other INT(20) NOT NULL DEFAULT '0', PRIMARY KEY (id), INDEX name (name), INDEX other_key (other) ) ENGINE=FEDERATED DEFAULT CHARSET=latin1 CONNECTION='mysql://fed_user@remote_host:9306/federated/test_table';
Then you can query it like any other table.
There are however a decent number of limitations you should read about including the remote password being stored in plain text. If this was a temporary setup purely for a once off copy, and the server isn't available to the public you have already minimised most of the risk associated with it though.