Murvinlai Murvinlai - 5 months ago 7
SQL Question

Does index on Varchar make performance difference?

Does index on a varchar column make the query run slower?
I can make that be int. and I don't need to do the LIKE % comparison.

Answer

Does index on a varchar column make the query run slower?

No, it does not.
If the optimizer decides to use of the index, the query will run faster. INSERTs/UPDATEs/DELETEs on that table will be slower, but not likely enough to notice.

I don't need to do the LIKE % comparison

Be aware that using:

LIKE '%whatever%'

...will not use an index, but the following will:

LIKE 'whatever%'

The key is wildcarding the lefthand side of the string means that an index on the column can't be used.

Also know that MySQL limits the amount of space set aside for indexes - they can be up to 1000 bytes long for MyISAM (767 bytes for InnoDB) tables.